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Civil War

chapter 15 & 16 vocab

TermDefinition
Fugitive A runaway.
Compromise of 1850 Contained the main 5 points of Clay's plan, and was a final settlement of the dispute between the North and South.
Abstain Not to cast votes.
Popular Sovereignty Allowing the people to decide.
Border Ruffians Missourians who traveled in armed groups to vote in election.
Arsenal A storage place for weapons and ammunition.
Martyr A person who dies for a great cause.
The Election of 1856 Republican candidate- John C. Frémont Democratic candidate- James Buchanan
Secession The withdrawal from the Union.
Kansas-Nebraska Act Plan to make the area west of Missouri and Iowa, into Kansas and Nebraska.
Fugitive-Slave Act Required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves. North was angered by this.
John Brown An abolitionist, believed that God had chosen him to end slavery. He targeted a raid on an arsenal, wanted to start a rebellion by armed African Americans. He killed 5 proslavery people, some called him a martyr. This was exactly what Southerners feared.
Secede To leave ( from the US ).
Yankees Soldiers of the Union.
Free-Soil Party New political party formed in 1848. They stated, free soil, free speech, free labor, and free men. Party consisted of former Democrats, and Whigs.
Dred Scott Was an enslaved African American who lived in a slave state, then moved to the free state of Illinois, but then back to a slave state. He claimed that he should be free since he once lived in a free state. His case later moved to the Supreme Court.
Chief Justice Roger B. Taney Was the chief in Dred Scott's case. He stated that Dred Scott was "property" and Congress can't take away anyone's property. He even said that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional, and Congress can't prohibit slavery in any territory.
Abraham Lincoln Won the election of 1860. He believed that slavery was wrong, and was a successful lawyer.
John Brown Was an abolitionist. He targeted a raid on an arsenal, and wanted to start a rebellion by armed African Americans. He killed 5 proslavery people, and some called him a martyr. This was exactly what Southerners feared.
Abraham's Inaugural Address He said that one side of the nation believes in slavery while the other does not. He stated that our country could not split up, and the issue of civil war relied in the citizens hands.
West Virginia They wanted to secede from Virginia to go back to the Union
First Battle Of Bull Run Was the first major battle of the Civil War. Northerners realized how long and expensive the war would be. The South won.
Casualties People who were killed or wounded.
Emancipate To free.
54th Massachusetts Led by white abolitionists, they attacked a Confederate fortification. Their courage won respect for African American soldiers. However, the South was angered by the African American soldiers and they made threats to execute any who were captured.
States' Rights Rights and powers independent of the federal government that are reserved for the states by the Constitution; the belief that states' rights supersede federal rights and law.
Sectionalism Exaggerated loyalty to a specific part of a country.
Border State The states between the North and South that were divided over whether to stay in the Union or join the Confederacy.
Blockade Close.
Offensive Went on the attack.
Rebel Confederate soldiers.
Blockade Runners Confederate ships.
Ironclad Armored naval vessel.
Casualty People who are killed or injured.
Ratify To approve.
Habeas Corpus The right that guarantees accused individuals to a hearing before going to jail.
Draft The selection of people for a military service.
Bounty A payment to encourage volunteers.
Greenback Northern money.
Inflation A general increase in prices.
Entrenched Set up in a strong position.
Total War War on all aspects of enemy's life
Created by: selenmangat