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14/15 WWII

US History

TermDefinition
leader of the Nazi Party in Germany, became dictator of Germany's Third Reich (Empire) , started WWII, responsible for the Holocaust Adolf Hitler
Third Reich's mass murder of 6 million Jews and other "undesirable" in order to create a superior race (Aryans) holocaust
Fascist dictator of Italy who allies with Hitler's Germany during most of WWII Benito Mussolini
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union; brutally ruled by killing or imprisoning citizens who opposed his rule; allies with US, Britain and France in WWII Joseph Stalin
Act that allowed Pres. F Roosevelt "lend" war materials to the Allies to get around the policy of neutrality; allowed the US to become an "Arsenal for Democracy" Lend-Lease Act
December 7, 1941; Japan's attack on the US Pacific fleet in Hawaii; this event caused the US to abandon its policy of neutrality/isolationism and enter into WWII bombing of Pearl Harbor
The Allies or the major nations in WWII who fought together against Germany, Italy, and Japan (called the AXIS Powers) United States, Great Britain, France, Soviet Union (aka Russia)
1st peacetime draft in US to train for troops; although not at war, proof that the US was moving toward war Selective Service and Training Act of 1940
Nickname for US soldiers of WWII because "Government Issue" was on uniforms and gear GI's
squadron of African American fighter pilots during WWII; flew thousands of missions; their performance encouraged the eventual integration of the US military Tuskegee Airman
Native Americans who served in WWII, they sent critical messages using a code based on their unwritten native language; vital in the Pacific front of the war Navajo Code Talkers
brought an end to the Great Depression and renewed the fight for Civil Rights for minorities positive effects of WWII on the US
character used in US war propaganda to encourage women to contribute to the war effort Rosie the Riveter
regions of Southern California and the Deep South that saw a major growth in new industries during WWII sunbelt
Roosevelt's order that designated certain areas in US as war zones; anyone could be removed from those areas; used to relocate Japanese Americans after Pearl Harbor; proved civil liberties can be violated for national security Executive Order 9066
Camps in the US established for the temporary imprisonment of Japanese and Japanese Americans, claiming they were a threat to national security Internment camps
Program that limited the amount of certain products Americans could buy; issued monthly coupon books that had to be turned when products were purchased rationing
US government encouraged citizens to plant personal gardens to support the war effort so more could be sent to the troops; appealed to people's patriotism victory gardens
Code name for the Allied invasion of Normandy, France, June 6, 1944 D Day
US Commander of all US forces in Europe during WWII; will later become President General Dwight Eisenhower
US Commander of US forces in North Africa; nicknamed "Blood and Guts" General George S. Patton
US strategy in the Pacific Theater; the US worked to capture strategic islands held by the Japanese and ignored others; goal was to get close to Japan island hopping
May 7, 1945; Victory in Europe; the surrender of Germany (Hitler committed suicide April 30) VE-Day
Vice President to FDR who became President when he died; ordered the dropping of the Atomic Bomb on Japan Harry S. Truman
Code name for the program that developed the atomic bomb Manhattan Project
Scientist who led the Manhattan Project Robert Oppenheimer
Reason the US did not want to invade Japan and instead dropped atomic bombs on hundreds of thousands of Japanese civilians limit US casualties
First island hit by an atomic bomb; August 6, 1945; Japan still did not surrender Hiroshima
Second island hit by an atomic bomb August 9, 1945, surrender announced August 15, 1945 Nagasaki
Victory in Japan; Emperor Hirohito of Japan officially surrenders to US and WWII ends; Sept 2, 1945 VJ DAY
Treat signed between US and many other countries to promote international trade by reducing tariffs GATT - General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
An intergovernmental (multiple nations) organization to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, and achieve international co-operation United Nations
Court established by the US, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union to punish leaders of the Axis Powers for war crimes International Military Tribunal (IMT)
IMT trails of Nazi leaders suspected of committing war crimes Nuremberg Trials
A group of international laws for the humane treatment of wounded or captured soldiers, medical personnel and civilians during war; violated by the Axis Powers Geneva Convention
Prime Minister of Great Britain during most of WWII (similar to a president) Winston Churchill
Created by: CoachKellie