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STAAR Review

Westward Expansion STAAR Facts Review

TermDefinition
1803 President Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million during this year
Jacksonian Democracy Belief that the common people should control the government
Tariff of 1828 Tax on imports that protected the Northern manufacturers but harmed the Southern farmers. Southerners argued that it violated state's rights and referred to it as the Tariff of Abominations
Nullification Crisis The state of South Carolina declared the Federal Tariff of 1828 illegal (Nullification Act) and threatened to secede from the Union
Spoils System The practice of handing out government jobs to supporters and replacing government employees with the winning candidate's supporters
Manifest Destiny The belief that the United States should own all of the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
Adams-Onis Treaty Spain ceded Florida to the United States and the U.S. gave up all claims to Texas
Oregon Treaty Agreement between Britain and the United States that divided the Oregon Territory giving the U.S. access to the Pacific Ocean, thereby fulfilling Manifest Destiny
Annexation of Texas Texas was admitted to the Union in spite of disagreements between the Northern and Southern states over the issues of adding another slave state and the possibility of war with Mexico
Mexican-American War Conflict which occurred following the Annexation of Texas from which the U.S. seized the Southwest Territory, including the modern states of New Mexico, Arizona, and California
Mexican Cession Mexico gave up half its territory from Texas to California to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo as a result of the Mexican-American War
Worcester vs Georgia The Supreme Court ruled that Georgia had no authority over the people on Cherokee lands. However, President Jackson supported Georgia's efforts and ignored the Court's ruling
Indian Removal Act Law passed to remove Natives living East of the Mississippi River to the West onto Indian Territory. It was done to avoid Native conflict with white settlers and to take over good farm lands
Trail of Tears The forced removal of Southeastern Native Americans to Indian Territory (now called Oklahoma) by President Andrew Jackson. Thousands would die along the way.
Andrew Jackson The leader of the original Democratic Party and a "President of the People." He was also responsible for the Trail of Tears, which forced Native Americans West of the Mississippi River to Indian Territory
Created by: jsherring