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STAAR Review

Early Republic STAAR Facts Review

TermDefinition
Precedents of George Washington Choosing Cabinet members from different states and regularly meeting with them, giving a Farewell Address, and refusing a 3rd term as President
Whiskey Rebellion Farmers rebelled against a tax on liquor. Washington effectively ended the uprising by sending troops as he viewed the rebellion as an attack on the authority of the Federal Government
Judiciary Act of 1789 Law that established the Federal Court System
Washington's Farewell Address Advised the U.S. to stay "neutral in its relations with other nations" and to avoid political parties
Federalist Party One of the 1st political parties led by Hamilton & Adams who believed: strong national government, emphasis on manufacturing, pro-British alliance, loose interpretation of the Constitution, supported National Bank. Supported by merchants & manufacturers
Democratic-Republican Party One of the 1st political parties led by Jefferson and Madison who believed: strong state governments, emphasis on agriculture, pro-French alliance, strict interpretation of the Constitution, against National Bank. Supported by farmers and laborers
X Y Z Affair Adams sends American diplomats to France to negotiate peace. French wanted a bribe in exchange for peace
Alien and Sedition Acts Signed into law by John Adams as a result of the XYZ Affair; made it a crime to criticize the government, gave the President the authority to deport individuals considered a threat to the United States
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Document that claimed the Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional. Further stated that the States had the right to reject Federal Laws they felt violated the Constitution
Marbury vs Madison The 1803 court decision that gave the Supreme Court the right to determine whether a law violates the Constitution. It established the principle of Judicial Review
Embargo Act Jefferson's attempt to deal with the British; Law that stopped all trade with European countries. It failed - Hurt U.S. trade and resulted in an economic depression in the United States
War of 1812 Fought between the U.S. and Great Britain over freedom of the seas and the issue of impressment of sailors
Era of Good Feelings Period on National Unity under President James Monroe
Monroe Doctrine A foreign policy statement by our 5th President which stated that the U.S. would not interfere in European affairs and that the Western Hemisphere was closed to colonization or interference by European nations
McCulloch vs Maryland Supreme Court case which declared that the National Government can do more than what is expressly stated in the Constitution (Elastic Clause)
Gibbons vs Ogden Supreme Court decision that strengthened the power of the National Government by giving it control over Interstate Commerce
George Washington 1st President of the United States who advised against political parties and for the country to remain neutral during foreign conflicts
Alexander Hamilton A leader of the Federalists, the first Treasurer of the United States, creator of the National Bank, who was killed in a dual by the Vice President of the United States, Aaron Burr
John Adams A Boston lawyer and patriot who served as the 2nd President of the United States
Thomas Jefferson 3rd President of the United States best known for purchasing the Louisiana Territory
John Marshall An influential U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice who set out the principle of Judicial Review and who increased the power of the National Government with his rulings
James Madison Led the country as the 4th President of the United States during the War of 1812
James Monroe 5th President of the United States and author of the foreign policy doctrine which closed the Western Hemisphere to European expansion or interference
Created by: jsherring