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STAAR Review

Constitution Part 2 STAAR Facts Review

TermDefinition
Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments to the Constitution and details the protection of individual liberties
1st Amendment Guarantees the right of freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of the press, the right to assemble, and the right to petition the government
2nd Amendment Guarantees the right of states to organize militias, or armies, and the right of individuals to bear arms (own guns)
3rd Amendment Forbids the government to order citizens to allow soldiers to live in their homes (no quartering of soldiers)
4th Amendment Requires that search warrants be issued if property is to be searched or seized (taken) by the government
5th Amendment Protects an accused person from having to testify against him or herself (self incrimination); bans double jeopardy; guarantees Due Process of Law
6th Amendment Guarantees the right to a speedy public trial by an impartial jury and the right to a lawyer
7th Amendment Guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil cases
8th Amendment Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment and excessive bail or fines
9th Amendment says that the people have rights other than those specifically mentioned in the Constitution
10th Amendment says that powers not given to the Federal Government are reserved (belong) to the States
Federalist Papers A series of essays written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton, defending the Constitution and its principles
Federalist Supporters of the Constitution who favored a strong National Government
Anti-Federalist People opposed to the Constitution and preferred more power be given to the State Governments than to the National Government; also wanted a Bill of Rights added
Charles de Montesque French philosopher who created the idea to separate government powers (Separation of Powers)
William Blackstone British judge who defined the rights of individuals in English Law and property rights that could not be violated, even by the King
James Madison Considered the "Father of the Constitution" because he basically wrote it
Patrick Henry Anti-Federalist who believed that the U.S. Constitution created a Federal Government that was too powerful
George Mason A member of the Constitutional Convention who refused to sign the document without a Bill of Rights
Created by: jsherring