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STAAR Review

Constitution Part 1 STAAR Facts Review

1787 The Constitution of the United States was written in this year
Articles of Confederation The first U.S. Constitution. It was a weak document that limited the power of the Congress (Legislature) by giving states the final authority over all decisions
Northwest Ordinance A policy that established the principles and procedures for the orderly expansion of the U.S. as well as the admission of new states
Constitutional Convention A meeting held in Philadelphia to consider changes to the Articles of Confederation which resulted in the drafting of the U.S. Constitution
Magna Carta English document written in 1215 that was the first to limit the power of the ruler
English Bill of Rights Protected the rights of English citizens and became the basis for the American Bill of Rights
The Great Compromise Created two houses of Congress, one based on population and the other gave equal representation to each state
3/5 Compromise Compromise between Northern & Southern states at the Constitutional Convention that allowed a portion of the slave population to count in determining taxation and representation in the House of Representatives
U.S. Constitution Sets out the basic laws, principles, and organization of the government of the United States
Principle of Popular Sovereignty Means that the people are the most important source of government power
Principle of Republicanism A nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them
Principle of Limited Government Belief that the actions of the government should be limited by specifically listing the powers it does and does not have
Principle of Federalism The sharing of power between the Federal and State Governments
Principle of Separation of Powers A system in which each branch of government has its own powers (Legislative, Executive, Judicial)
Principle of Checks and Balances A system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the Federal Government has the power to check, or control the actions of the other branches
Principle of Individual Rights Belief that basic liberties and rights of all citizens should be guaranteed
Responsible Citizenship Obeying the laws, paying taxes, and serving on a jury
Naturalization Process Must be 18, establish a 5 year residency, apply for citizenship, go through interview process, take tests, and take an oath of allegiance
Amendment Process Proposed by 2/3 of Congress or State Legislatures and ratified by 3/4 of the States Legislatures or Conventions
Created by: jsherring