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ch.16-17 WWII study

chapter 16-17 WWII study guide and answers

QuestionAnswer
What is the title of Hitler's book and when did he write it? Mein Kampf 1923.
Describe the Holocaust. Genocide of Jews by the Nazis.
What was the non aggression pact? Agreement between USSR and Germany not to fight and split Poland.
Explain how Hitler rose to power in Germany. Nazis gained majority in legislature, appointed as Chancellor, President Hindenburg dies Hitler consolidates the power.
Which of Hitler's demands was met with the policy of appeasement by the British and French? Czech Sudetenland.
What did the Selective Service and Training Act do? Established 1st peacetime draft in US History.
What was the importance of taking Iwo Jima? Airbase for damaged bombers and fighter escorts.
Explain how the hedgerows affected the Allied advance through France. Slowed the push out of Normandy.
What battle is considered the turning point in the Pacific? Midway June 5, 1942.
What was the Enola Gay? B-29 bomber that delivered the 1st atomic bomb.
Describe the battle of the Bulge. Hitler's last offensive in the Ardennes, winter of 1944. Largest most costly battle in US Army history.
Who were the Tuskegee Airmen? AA fighter pilots trained in Tuskegee Alabama.
What happened at Hiroshima and Nagasaki? Atomic Bomb attacks.
What happened on June 6, 1944? Invasion of Normandy, Operation Overlord, D Day.
What and when is V-J Day? The day the Japanese Surrender. August 15, 1945.
Who was Harry S Truman? FDR's VP took over after his death.
List promises made by Stalin at the Tehran Conference. Declare war on Japan. Split Germany, Join international peace organization, attack in the East on D Day.
On what day did Germany surrender to the Allies? May 7, 1945, May 8 VE day.
Describe the "Double V" campaign. AA should fight to overcome racism at home and abroad.
What was the Bataan Death march and where did it occur? Japan forced surrendered Americans to march to POW camp. Hundreds died. Philippines.
Describe Operation Overlord. Invasion of French coast at Normandy.
Who was nicknamed the Dessert Fox? Erwin Rommel
Who was Dwight Eisenhower? Supreme Commander of Allied forces in Europe.
What quote did Admiral Nimitz give speaking of the Marines on Iwo Jima? Uncommon Valor was a Common Virtue.
The findings of the Nye Committee resulted in what law? Neutrality Acts of 1935.
Describe the Miracle at Dunkirk. Hitler paused his advance allowed 300,000 British Soldiers to escape to England.
The air battle for control of the skies over England is known as what? Battle of Britain.
What did the Neutrality Act of 1939 do? Ended ban of weapons sales to warring nations continued cash and carry.
What was FDR the 1st president to do? Win 3rd and 4th term.
What happened on December 7, 1941 and what is it known as? Japan attack on Pearl Harbor, Date which will live in infamy.
List the leaders and their nations in WWII. Stalin USSR, Churchill Britain, FDR/Truman USA, Hitler Germany, Mussolini Italy, Military Japan.
What was the importance of taking Guadalcanal from the Japanese? Prevented them from isolating Australia, 1st land victory.
Explain General Patton's role in the Normandy invasion. Commanded fake Army used to convince Germans attack was coming at Calais.
Who was general Douglas McArthur? Commander of the Army in the Pacific.
Describe the battle of Okinawa. Final US Assault of WWII.
Describe the impact of WWII on the United States. Largest Army, Wealthiest Nation, Control of Production, Nuclear Power.
List lasting results of WWII. Divides Europe, Est Israel, Cold War, US Democratic World Leader, USSR Communist World Leader.
Describe the photo taken by Joe Rosenthal on Iwo Jima. 6 Marines raising flag. Used to create USMC memorial in DC.
Created by: Katwill678