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STAAR Review

Revolution STAAR Facts Review

TermDefinition
July 4, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was signed on this date
Enlightenment European movement during the 1700's that generated new ideas about how government should work and influenced colonial leaders' desire for self-government
Declaration of Independence A document written by Thomas Jefferson, declaring the colonies' independence from Britain
Unalienable Rights Natural rights possessed by all people such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness as stated in the Declaration of Independence
Battle of Lexington and Concord The first shots of the American Revolution were fired here; also known as the "shot heard 'round the world"
Valley Forge After enduring a winter of terrible suffering, the Continental Army is inspired by Thomas Paine's work The Crisis
Battle of Saratoga The turning point in the American Revolution when France became allies of the colonists in the war
Battle of Yorktown The British defeat here by George Washington's troops signaled the end of the American Revolution
Treaty of Paris 1783 Ended the American Revolution and forced Britain to recognize the United States as an independent nation
Patrick Henry A passionate Patriot who became famous for his fiery speeches in favor of American Independence. His most famous quote included the words, "Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!"
John Locke English philosopher who influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence with his belief of natural rights
Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Declaration of Independence and later became the 3rd President of the United States. He also purchased the Louisiana Territory which doubled the size of the country
John Adams Patriot leader who was part of the committee of five that drafted the Declaration of Independence
George Washington The leader of the Continental Army who became the 1st President of the United States
Marquis de Lafayette A French noble who served as George Washington's aide and commanded patriot troops at Yorktown
Bernardo de Galvez Spanish Governor of Louisiana Territory who helped the Americans during the Revolution by smuggling supplies and preventing a British takeover of the Mississippi River
John Paul Jones Patriot naval commander who led raids on British vessels and was famous for his quote, "I have not yet begun to fight!"
Wentworth Cheswell African American Patriot who served in the Continental Army and fought at the Battle of Saratoga
James Armistead Slave recruited as a spy for the Continental Army by Lafayette
Haym Salomon Jewish American who helped finance the American Revolution
Mercy Otis Warren Wrote several propaganda pieces supporting the Patriot cause and advisor to Revolutionary leaders
Abigail Adams The wife of John Adams whose letters to her husband promoted the rights of women
Created by: jsherring