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STAAR Review

Colonization STAAR Facts Review

TermDefinition
1607 Jamestown, the 1st permanent English settlement, was founded by a joint stock company called the Virginia Company (Year)
1620 The Mayflower Compact was signed by Pilgrims of Plymouth which became the 1st written agreement to self govern in the English Colonies (Year)
Mercantilism An economic theory that a country's strength is measured by the amount of gold it has, that a country should sell more than it buys, and that the colonies exist for the benefit of the Mother Country
New England Region Founded for religious freedom, the coldest region in the British colonies included Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island and had rocky soil, timber, and good fishing
Middle Region The most culturally diverse region of the British colonies which included Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. This region was known for its iron ore deposits and producing "bread basket" crops such as rye and wheat
Southern Region Founded mainly for profit, the warmest region of the British colonies included Georgia, North and South Carolina, Virginia, & Maryland. This region developed the plantation system growing cash crops such as tobacco which came to depend on slave labor
Colony of Maryland Southern colony founded by Lord Baltimore as a safe place for Catholics
Colony of Georgia Southern colony founded by James Oglethorpe as a place for debtors and as a buffer to Spanish Florida
House of Burgesses The 1st representative assembly in the New World
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Created by Thomas Hooker, the 1st written constitution in America which limited the power of the government of Connecticut
Maryland Act of Toleration 1st law passed in the colonies to protect the right to practice Christian religions freely in the colony of Maryland
First Great Awakening A religious revival that created a new emphasis on education, promoted the belief that all men are equal and made Americans more willing to question authority
Indentured Servant A laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America
Pilgrims Groups of Separatists who founded Plymouth in 1620 for religious freedom
Puritans Protestants who wanted to reform the Church of England and founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630
Quakers Protestant group who believed all men were created equal and settled in Pennsylvania
Roger Williams Founded Rhode Island on the basis of Separation of Church and State and granted religious freedom to all of the colony's inhabitants
Anne Hutchinson Banished from Massachusetts for questioning church authority and established a settlement in Rhode Island
William Penn The founder of Pennsylvania which put Quaker ideals of toleration and equality into practice
Created by: jsherring