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CHAPTER 21 & 22 Voc

TermDefinition
Capitalism an economic system in which private businesses run most industry
conservation the planned management of natural resources to prevent their destruction
Eighteenth Amendment (1919) a constitutional amendment that outlawed the production and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States; repealed in 1933
initiative a method of allowing voters to propose a new law if enough signatures are collected on a petition
muckrakers a term coined for journalists who “raked up” and exposed corruption and problems of society
political machines a powerful organization that influenced city and country politics in the late 1800s
progressives a group of reformers who worked to improve social and political problems in the late 1800s
recall a vote to remove an official from office
referendum a procedure that allows voters to approve or reject a law already proposed or passed by government
Sixteenth Amendment (1913) an amendment to the COnstitution that allows personal income to be taxed
socialism economic system in which the government owns and operates a country’s means of production
workers’ compensation laws guaranteed a portion of lost wages to workers injured on the job
dollar diplomacy influencing governments through economic, not military, intervention
imperialism the practice of extending a nation's power by gaining territories for a colonial empire
isolationism a national policy of avoiding involvement in other countries’ affairs
Open Door Policy a policy established by the United States in 1899 to promote equal access for all nations to trade in China
Platt Amendment a part of the Cuban constitution drafted under the supervision of the United States that limited Cuba’s right to make treaties, gave the U.S. the right to intervene in Cuban affairs, and required Cuba to sell to lease land to the U.S.
spheres of influence an area where foreign countries control trade or natural resources of another nation or area
Teller Amendment (1898) a congressional resolution stating that the U.S. had no interest in taking control of Cuba
yellow journalism the reporting of exaggerated stories in newspapers to increase sales
Created by: tlblack