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Ch. 9 section 4

Important people, events, and places

War Begins 1) Am. unprepared 2) 7,000 troops in Am. army 3) 50.000-100,000 militia 4) Revolutionary War commanders too old 5) called "Mr. Madison's War" 6) Am. misjudged the strength of British & Native Am. alliance
War Begins continued 7) began July 1812 - Am. General Hull surrendered Detroit to British 8) Am. Wm. Henry Harrison was unsuccessful invading Canada
Naval Battles 1) Oliver H. Perry ordered to seize Lake Erie from British 2) Sept. 13, 1813 British defeated 3) famous quote "We have met the enemy and they are ours." 4) Battle of Thames Oct. 5, 1813 - Tecumseh killed 5) Am. had victories by end of 1813
Naval Battles continued 6) U.S. Constitution destroyed two British ships in 4 months 7) Privateers captured British vessels
Setbacks for Native Americans 1) Tecumseh talked to Native Am. Creeks to join the Native Am. Confederation 2) Hopes of confederation died with Tecumseh 3) Andrew Jackson attacked the Creeks - 550 died 4) Battle of Horseshoe Bend - Creeks gave up most of their land
British offenses 1) won war against Napoleon 2) able to send more forces to Am.
Attack on Washington 1) British sailed into Chesapeake Bay - August 1814 2) British overpowered Americans on the outside of D.C. 3) British burned & destroyed government properties 4) A thunderstorm put out the fires - August 24, 1014
Defeat at Plattsburg 1)British Gen. Prevost brought 10,000 troops to NY 2)goal to capture Plattsburg on Lake Champlain 3)Am. naval fleet stopped the British naval fleet on the lake 4)British went back to Canada 5) Known as Battle of Lake Champlain 6) British - war too costly
The War Ends 1) Am. & British sign peace agreement - Dec. 1814 2) Treaty of Ghent - no borders changed 3) Impressment wasn't mentioned & neutral rights were a dead issue 4) Final battle - the Battle of New Orleans 5) British moved to New Orleans - Dec, 1814
The War Ends continued 6) Andrew Jackson & his troops were waiting for the British 7) hundreds of British killed 8) known as the Battle of New Orleans 9) Andrew Jackson became a hero 10) fame helped him win the presidency
American Nationalism 1)Federalists opposed "Mr. Madison's War" 2)made a list of proposed amendments to the Constitution 3)the party lost the public's respect 4)Federalist party weakened 5)new sense of patriotism & strong national identity 6)respect gained from other countries
War Hawks favored 1) trade 2) western expansion 3) development of the economy 4) a strong army and a strong navy 5) a strong central government
Created by: mshellabarger