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Ch. 9 section 3

Important people, events, and places

Americans on foreign seas - 1,000 merchant ships 1)deadly storms & pirates 2)Empress of China brought tea & silk to NY 3)China & India transported furs & other goods 4)Am. merchant ships began sailing to S. Am., Africa, & lands along the Mediterranean 5)Am. merchants profited from French & British war
Barbary Pirates 1) demanded tribute or protection money 2)European countries paid tribute 3) believed it was less expensive ethan war
War with Tripoli 1) had to pay tribute to Barbary Coast states 2) 1801 - Tripoli asked for more money 3) USA refused, Tripoli declared war 4)USA blocked Tripoli 5) Tripoli seized Philadelphia warship 1804 & crew was jailed 6) Stephen Decatur burned the ship
War with Tripoli - continued 7) war ended in June 1805 8) USA had to pay $60,000 for prisoners 9) 1815 - ended the payment of tribute
Freedom of the seas 1) Jefferson reelected in 1804 2) USA caught in middle of war between Britain & France
Neutral Rights Violated 1) Am. had prosperous trade with both countries 2) for 2 years shipping prospered 3) British blockaded French Coast & threatened to search all ships trading with France 4) France said they would search all ships trading with Britain
American sailors kidnapped 1) British stopped ships to look for deserters 2) took sailors and impressed them into British navy 3) took American sailors
Attack on the Chesapeake 1) British waited for AM> ships outside Am. harbors 2)British stopped the Chesapeake & wanted to board - the captain refused 3) British opened fire -killing 3 4) Public had anti-British fury 5) Some Americans wanted war-Jefferson did not
A Disastrous trade ban 1) Jefferson banned trade with Britain 2) 1807 Congress passed the Embargo Act - this banned trade with all countries 3)Jefferson & Madison wanted to hurt British trade 4) the act wiped out the Am. commerce 5) Britain got goods from Latin America
A Disastrous trade ban - continued 6) Nonintercourse Act prohibited trade with only Britain & France 7) this act was unsuccessful & unpopular
Jefferson leaves office 1) did not run for a 3rd term 2) Madison was Republican candidate 3) Charles Pinckney was Federalist candidate 4) Madison won presidency
War Fever 1)madison took office under unfavorable conditions 2) Am. public wanted war with British
Closer to war 1) 1810 Congress passed a law permitting trade with Britain or France - depending who lifted its restrictions first 2) France promised to lift first 3) france cont. to seize Am. ships 4) Am. didn't know who was the enemy 5) Britain was the bigger threat
Frontier conflicts 1) 1803 Ohio statehood 2) Native Am. had given up million of acres 3) settlers continued to take Native Am. land 4) Tecumseh built a Native American confederation - he was Shawnee 5) he believed with British alliance the settlers could be stopped
Frontier conflicts - continued 6) U.S. treaties with the Native Americans were worthless 7) Tenskwatawa, was known as the Prophet - Tecumseh's brother 8* the Prophet had a large following
A meeting with Harrison 1) Governor of Indiana Territory 2) Harrison feared an alliance with British & Native Americans
The Battle of Tippecanoe 1) Harrison attacked Prophetstown on Tippecanoe River 2) Prophet's forces fled after 2 hours 3) It was a victory for the Americans 4) Tecumseh joined forces with the British
War Hawks 1) Madison faced demands for war 2) Most pressure from War Hawks - Republicans 3) Leaders Henry Knox - KY & John Calhoun - SC 4) Mainly from the West & South 5) supported military spending and increasing land mass
War Hawks - continued 6) West War Hawks wanted forests of southern Canada 7) Southern War Hawks wanted Spanish Florida
Declaring war 1) Madison asked for q declaration of war on June 1, 1812 2) British had ended their search & seizure policy 3) Information took too long to reach the USA 4) war was in evitable
Created by: mshellabarger