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Civil War

Civil War major battles, key generals, key events

QuestionAnswer
What were Northern (Union) advantages at the beginning of the Civil War? The North had a higher percentage of the nation's railroads, factories and population than the South
What were Southern (Confederate) advantages at the beginning of the Civil War? The South had better trained generals and had only to fight a defensive war
What was the Union strategy to win the war? The Anaconda Plan: control the waterways and then squeeze the South
What was the Confederate strategy to win the war? Fight a defensive war and make the Union go to the South to fight
Which military changed its strategy to win the war? The Confederate army, under Lee, chose to invade the North twice: first at the Battle of Sharpsburg/Antietam and again before the Battle of Gettysburg
What was the original Southern motivation for going to war? Gain political control
What was the original Northern motivation for going to war? Restore the Union
Which of the following were Southern advantages in fighting the Civil War? Generals were well trained and the army had the home court advantage
Which of the following were Northern advantages in fighting the Civil War? Most of the railroad tracks, factories and the largest cities were located in this region
What was a Southern disadvantages during the Civil War? The South lacked infrastructure to support the war effort
What was a Northern disadvantages during the Civil War? Battles were distant from Washington and stretched supply lines
What was the Southern strategy to win the Civil War? Persist
What was the Northern strategy to win the Civil War? Surround and isolate the South
Why was the first battle of Manassas, also known as the first Battle of Bull Run, significant? Both sides realized this would not be a 90 day war
Where were the first shots of the Civil War fired? Fort Sumter, South Carolina
What new bullet, designed in France, made war wounds significantly worse? Minie´ bullets
What is an “ironclad”? A wooden ship wrapped in iron
What made the Battle of Antietam, or Sharpsburg, significant? Lincoln declared this a victory and issued the Emancipation Proclamation
Why was the Battle of Gettysburg considered the “high water mark of the Southern Confederacy”? The battle took place in the North when the CSA the strongest it would ever be
What was the name of the government created by the seceded states of the South? Confederate States of America
How did Lincoln transform the war from a war for unification to a war to end slavery? He issued the Emancipation Proclamation, showing his intent to end slavery
How many slaves did the Emancipation Proclamation immediately free? Zero
What Union general succeeded in defeating the CSA at the Battle of Shiloh? Ulysses S. Grant
What was the name of the town that was the last hold out of the CSA on the Mississippi River? Vicksburg
Where did the cannon that guards the Idaho State Capitol come from? Vicksburg, Mississippi
How long did the siege of Vicksburg last, before Grant finally overtook it? Six months
With reference to the Gettysburg Address, how many years is "four score and seven"? 87
What key moment in US history did Lincoln allude to in the Gettysburg Address, that occurred 87 years earlier? Declaration of Independence
What do we need to devote ourselves, as requested by Lincoln, in the Gettysburg Address? To ensure government of, by and for the people will endure, and that that government ensures the truth that "all [men] are created equal"
What is the “new birth of freedom” Lincoln refers to in the Gettysburg Address? The end of slavery
Who was the president of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War? Jefferson Davis
Who was the leading CSA general during the Civil War? Robert E. Lee
What was the name of the failed US general who Lincoln fired twice? George McClelland
Who was the leading Union general at the Battle of Gettysburg who Lincoln later fired? George Meade
Where were most of the battles of the Civil War fought? In Virginia
What was the most northern state the Confederate army reached? Pennsylvania
Who won the Civil War? The United States of America
Created by: ecaughlin