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The New Deal

JAHKMLHS C21 The New Deal

TermDefinition
Father Charles Coughlin This radio priest frequently and vigorously attacked capitalism, communism, socialism, and dictatorship with praise for the fascist leaders Benito Mussolini and Adolph Hitler.
Father Charles Coughlin By the mid-1930s, this man’s talks on the radio took on a nasty edge as he combined harsh attacks on Roosevelt as the tool of international Jewish bankers.
Father Charles Coughlin This man broadcast weekly radio sermons that by 1930 drew as many as forty-five million listeners.
FDIC This would insure bank deposits up to $5000.
Federal Art Project This was created in 1935 to provide work relief for artists in various media--painters, sculptors, muralists and graphic artists, with various levels of experience.
Federal Securities Act (1933) The act required that all sales of stocks and bonds be registered with the government unless there was a specific exemption to the contrary.
fireside chats Through these radio addresses to the nation FDR explained some of his plans to the people.
Francis Perkins She was the first woman to serve in a president’s cabinet.
Frank Capra This man was one of the leading movie directors of the 1930s who made the characters in his films everyday people struggling with the hardships of the time.
Glass-Steagall Banking Reform Act of 1933 This act created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to administer a deposit insurance program.
Glass-Steagall Banking Reform Act of 1933 Commercial banks were prohibited from investment banking activities, such as underwriting corporate securities or municipal revenue bonds.
Huey P. Long In 1934 this man organized his own, alternative political organization, the “Share-Our-Wealth” Society, which would redistribute wealth through sharply graduated income and inheritance taxes.
Huey P. Long This man first came to national attention as governor of Louisiana in 1928 and U.S. Senator in 1930.
hundred days This was a measuring stick for FDR and future presidents to determine how effective their administration could be.
Indian New Deal This program gave Native Americans economic assistance and greater control over their own affairs.
John Maynard Keynes This man argued that deficit spending was needed to end the depression.
John Steinbeck This man authored probably the most famous novel of the 1930s. His book The Grapes of Wrath chronicled the travails of a migrant Okie family the Joads.
Lillian Hellman This New Orleans playwright wrote several plays featuring strong roles for women. The Children’s Hour and The Littler Foxes are two of her plays.
Mary McLeod Bethune This person was a member of the Black Cabinet and a powerful champion of racial equality. This person founded Bethune Cookman College.
mural These paintings on the sides of buildings celebrated the accomplishments of the workers who helped build the nation.
New Deal This would hopefully provide immediate relief to Americans in greatest need, help the nation’s recovery, and reform institutions to make future depressions less likely.
New Deal coalition This was a grouping of southern whites, northern blue-collar workers, poor Midwestern farmers, and African Americans in the Democratic Party giving it a sizable majority in Congress.
NRA This New Deal law was designed to promote recovery and reform, encourage collective bargaining for unions, set up maximum work hours (and sometimes prices) and minimum wages, and forbid child labor in industry.
NRA This legislation prescribed the drafting and establishment of a code system of fair competition for every sort of industry.
pump priming This is the putting people to work on public projects which puts money into the hands of consumers who would then buy more goods thus stimulating the economy.
PWA This New Deal program funded the construction of more than 34,000 projects, including airports, electricity-generating dams, and aircraft carriers; and seventy percent of the new schools and one third of the hospitals built during that time.
Schechter Poultry Corporation v. United States In this Supreme Court case the court ruled that the NRA gave Congress excessive power to regulate interstate commerce and "invades the power reserved exclusively to the States."
Second New Deal Legislation passed during this period addressed the problems of the elderly, the poor, and the unemployed, created new public works programs, and protected workers’ rights.
sit-down strikes In this type of action workers refuse to leave the workplace until some type of settlement of grievances is reached.
Social Security Act This legislation established unemployment insurance for workers who lost jobs and victims of work related accidents.
TVA This program built a series of dams in the Tennessee River valley to control floods and to generate electric power.
United States v. Butler This decision declared that the AAA violated the Tenth Amendment by attempting to use the taxing power to regulate agricultural production—a matter that the Court determined was the sole jurisdiction of the states.
Wagner Act This legislation recognized the right of employees to join labor unions and gave workers the right to collective bargaining.
welfare state This refers to a country in which the government assumes responsibility for providing for children, the poor, the elderly, the sick, the disabled, and the unemployed.
WPA Part of this program consisted of the Federal Art Project (FAP), Federal Music Project (FMP), Federal Theatre Project (FTP), the Federal Writers’ Project (FWP), and the Historical Records Survey (HRS).
WPA This program continued the work of building and improving a wide variety of public facilities. It differed, however, from the previous programs by also addressing the employment needs of non-construction workers.
Created by: jim.haferman