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US Goverment 12

Gov Ch. 12 vocab

Pocket Veto type of veto a chief executive may use after a legislature has adjourned; when the chief executive does not sign or reject a bill within the time allowed to do so
Committee chairman Member who heads a heads a standing committee in a legislative body
floor leader Member of the House and Senate picked by their parties to carry out party decisions and steer legislative action to meet party goals
party caucus A closed meeting of a party's House or Sentate members, also called a party conference
president of the Senate The presiding officer of a senate, in congress, the vice president of the US, in a state's legislature, either the lieutenent governor or a senator
president pro tempore The member of the US Senate, or of the upper house of a State's legislature, chosen to preside in the absence of the president of the Senate.
seniority rule Unwritten rule in both houses of Congress reserving the top posts in each chamber, particularly committee chairmanships, for members with the longest records of service
Speaker of the House The presiding officer of the House of Representatives, chosen by and from the majority party in the House
standing committee Permanent committee in a legislative body to which bills in a specified subject-matter area are referred
bill a proposed law presented to a legislative body for consideration
concurrent resolution A statement of position on an issue used by the House and Senate acting jointly; doesn't have the force of law and does not require the president's signature.
conference committee Temporary joint committee created to reconcile any differences between the two houses' versions of a bill
discharge petition A procedure enabling members to force a bill that has been pigeonholed in committee onto the floor for consideration
joint committee Legislative committee composed of members of both houses
joint resolution A proposal for action that has the force of law when passed; usually deals with special circumstances or temporary matters.
resolution A measure relating to the business of either house, or expressing an opinion; doesn't have the force of law and does not require the President's signature.
rider Unpopular provision added to an important bill certain to pass so that it will "ride" through the legislative process.
select committee Legislative committee created for a limited time and for some specific purpose; also known as a special committee
subcommittee Division of existing committee that is formed to address specific issues.
cloture Procedure that may be used to limit or end floor debate in a legislative body.
Committee of the Whole A committee that consists of an entire legislative body; used for a procedure in which a legislative body expedites its business by resolving itself into a committee of itself
engrossed to print a bill in its final form
filibuster Various tactics (usually long speeches) aimed at defeating a bill in a legislative body by preventing a final vote; associated with the US Senate
quorum least number of members who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business; majority
veto Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature; literally (latin) "I forbid"
Created by: me1915181