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Civil Rights

Civil Rights Movement

QuestionAnswer
Which action designed to oppose a political or business policy is closest to the approach used by Martin Luther King, Jr.? a war protester accepting a jail term rather than registering
The abolitionist movement, the women’s suffrage movement, and the 1960’s civil rights movement are all examples of reform efforts that developed significant popular support
Which generalization can most accurately be drawn from a study of Supreme Court cases Plessy v. Ferguson and Brown v. Board of Education? the Supreme Court has helped determine public poilcy
The major goal of the civil rights movement of the 1960's was to end segregation based on race
An original purpose of affirmative action programs was to increase educational and employment opportunities for women and minorities
Under Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Supreme Court was considered "activist" because of its expansion of individual rights in criminal cases
When necessary to achieve justice, which method did Martin Luther King, Jr., urge his followers to employ? engaging in civil disobedience
The main goal of the Seneca Falls Convention (1848) was to obtain equal rights for women
When President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent Federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, during the 1957 school integration crisis, he was exercising his constitutional power as Commander in Chief
The decisions of the United States Supreme Court in Miranda v. Arizona, Gideon v. Wainwright, and Escobedo v. Illinois all advanced the rights of accused persons
Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." -Brown v. Board of Education require the integration of public schools
After the passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, African Americans continued to experience political and economic oppression mainly because Southern legislatures enacted Jim Crow laws
Fourth amendment protection from search or seizure of property without a warrant
fifth amendment protects the right of a suspect to not be a witness against him or herself and to not go on trial for the same exact crime twice
sixth amendment protects the right to trial by jury and to have legal counsel.
The quote below comes from the Supreme Court ruling in Mapp v. Ohio (1961): We hold that all evidence obtained by searches and seizures..... Why did the court make this ruling? to provide protection for the rights of every citizen
What resulted from the Supreme Courts ruling in the Miranda v. Arizona (1966)? People who were being arrested had to be informed of their Constitutional rights
The March on Washington was an attempt to do what? pressure Congress to pass a Civil Rights law
How did the freedom rides differ from the Freedom Summer? Freedom Rides were aimed at ending segregation, while the Freedom Summer was aimed at expanding voting rights.
Which Civil Rights leader became the first African American on the U.S. Supreme Court? Thurgood Marshall
There is a diagram shown with Great Society in the middle of it. What is the southeast box filled with? financing for education
What civil rights leader would have agreed with the sentiments in this quote? "The only way we gonna stop them white men from whuppin' us is to take over. We been saying freedom for six years and we ain't got nothing'." Malcom X
Rosa Parks contributed to which of these Civil Rights actions the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Which movement for social change modeled on the original civil rights movement achieved some success and avoided violence? feminist movement
What did the court cases of Griswold v. Connecticut and Roe v. Wade have in common? reproductive rights cases
During the late-1960s, Civil Rights leaders actively supported what? anti-war protests
What goal was shared by the Red Power and Civil Rights movements? a reduction in poverty for a minority group
The quote below is from Lyndon Johnson in 1964. “Poverty must not be a bar to learning, and learning must offer an escape from poverty.” What other element did Johnson believe must be addressed to end poverty? racial inequality
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of... What effect did passage of this act have on American society? it increased college athletic opportunities for women
Which statement explains why the Warren Supreme Court overturned the 1896 ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson? The Plessy ruling allowed segregation which the Warren Court declared treated whites and blacks differently
Which goal was shared by the women's rights movement and the Civil Rights movement? the passage of laws banning discrimination
Which statement describes the approach the Warren Court took to the issue of segregation it ruled that segregation was unconstitutional and that efforts must be made to achieve integration.
This is from the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA):Men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction. Which statement explains why some women's rights activists opposed passage of the ERA? they were worried that ratification of the ERA would erase legal benefits women had gained during the 1960s
What action relied on high level of community involvement among African Americans? the Montgomery Bus Boycott
This is a quote from Charles Hamilton Houston about his experience in WWI: "The hate and scorn showered on us Negro officers... What nickname was given to Charles Houston for his contribution to the Civil Rights movement? the Man who Killed Jim Crow
Which example of media communication is indirectly related to Great Society programs? Sesame Street
Which of these actions would have fit in with the approach to change advocated by mainstream Civil Rights leaders? going on hunger strikes to raise awareness about racial injustice
Between 1960 and 1964, some white citizens protested with African Americans in the South in nonviolent actions. How did the response of Southerners opposed to integration change toward whites who joined Civil Rights actions at the time? they became increasingly violent, culminating in assault and murder
Which form of discrimination did the Voting Rights Act of 1965 specifically address? literacy tests
When was the Great Society? 1964-1966 thought the great society programs continued to impact the U.S. in the following decades
Who created the Great Society Lyndon B. Johnson
What was the Great Society? A series of Domestic policies and programs designed to end poverty and injustice and to improve Americans' quality of life.
What was the Civil Rights Act? it was were Legislation banned discrimination in access to public facilities, employment, and federal programs
when was the civil rights act passed? in 1964
What was the significance of the Civil Rights Act? it outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, and gave the federal government the power to enforce public desegregation, prevent discrimination in housing access and provided for affirmative action in employment.
What was the Economic Opportunity Act? legislation designed to help eliminate poverty in the U.S.; it created offices and programs like Head Start, VISTA, and Job Corps
When was the Economic Opportunity act passed? in 1964
What was the significance of the Economic Opportunity Act? I meant an end to all literacy tests which was a barrier that kept African Americans from voting. A provision in the law also sent federal workers to the South to register African American voters, increasing access to the voting process.
What was the immigration act of 1965? it was Legislation ending the system of quotas for immigration based on the national origins that had been set in 1924
when was the Immigration act passed? 1965
What was the significance of the Immigration Act of 1965? ended annual limits on the number or immigrants that could come to the U.S. form certain parts of the world. Following the passage of the 1965 law, immigration from Central and SA increased and the percentage of immigrants form Europe decreased.
What were the little rock nine? it was a group of African American teens who were the first to enter Little Rocks Central High School during Desegregation
When were the Little Rock Nine Integrated? 1957
Who was Cesar Chavez? a Mexican American who formed the United Farm Workers union to demand better pay and enforcement of California's labor laws, especially for Hispanic American Farm Workers
What did Cesar Chavez lead? he led the Delano Grape Strike from 1965-1970 in addition to other strikes and boycotts.
What was significant about Cesar Chavez? (part 1) The UFW signed contracts with different companies agreeing to better working conditions for various groups across the country. The grape Strikers efforts drew support form prominent leaders such as MLK and Senator Kennedy
What was significant about Cesar Chavez? (part 2) Millions of Americans and Canadians showed support for "La Causa" (the farm workers' cause) by joining the California grape boycott. The UFW still operates today.
What was significant about Cesar Chavez? (part 3) Chavez's work led Hispanic American political groups to form throughout the American Southwest. Their political influence has increased since the 1960s.
What is feminism? belief in the need to secure and protect rights and opportunities for women equal to those of men
What is civil disobedience? intentional breaking of a law in a nonviolent or passive manner.
what is a boycott? refusal to deal with something, such as a business, a protest to force some kind of change
What is integration acceptance and equal access for all people into a group or place
What is desegregation? ending the customary or enforced separation of ethnic or racial groups in public places
What is discrimination? unfair treatment of a person or group based on physical or mental characteristics
liberal A political view favoring government action and spending to improve society and embracing of change
conservative a political view favoring limited government size and expenditures and caution in making changes.
precedent a court action or decision used as a reference in later cases
Brown v. Board of Education, 1954 overturned Plessy v. Ferguson to determine that "separate but equal" had no place in education; led to desegregation of schools
University of California v. Bakke, 1978 continued to support the idea of affirmative action in college admissions; however, strict quota systems were ruled unconstitutional
Mapp v. Ohio, 1961 evidence police obtain without a warrant cannot be used in court; extension of the Fourth Amendment
Gideon v. Wainwright, 1963 states must provide legal counsel in all cases where a defendant is unable to afford counsel on his or her own; extension of the Sixth Amendment
Miranda v. Arizona, 1966 law enforcement must inform suspects of their Fifth Amendment rights before and during questioning
Griswold v. Connecticut, 1965 married couples have the "right to marital privacy"
Roe v. Wade, 1973 determined that a woman's decision to continue or end a pregnancy is within her right to privacy; reserved the right for states to regulate late term abortions
Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg, 1971 upheld the use of busing as an acceptable means of achieving racial balance in public schools
Created by: HannahErin