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World War 2

US History STAAR EOC Terms

TermDefinition
War Bonds Helped the government raise funds for the war effort.
Flying Tigers Group of American volunteer fight pilots who helped keep supply lines open in China.
Lend-Lease Act Allowed for the U.S. to sell, lease, or lend war materials to any country deemed vital to the defense of the United States.
Appeasement The policy of giving in to satisfy the demand of a potential enemy.
Rationing Regulated the amount of goods that consumers could obtain, therefore sharing in the sacrifices of war.
Battle of Midway Considered a major turning point in the war in the Pacific; putting the Japanese on the defensive and the U.S. on the offensive.
Executive Order 9066 Required Japanese-Americans to be relocated to internment camps because they were seen as a threat to national security.
Tuskegee Airmen African-American fighter group in the Air Corps who provided escorts for pilots on bombing missions.
D-Day June 6, 1944; Allied invasion of Normandy, France and seen as a turning point.
Blitzkreig Germany fighting strategy also known as "lightening war".
Holocaust Attempted genocide of the Jews during WW2 which led to the killing of over 6 million Jews.
Adolf Hitler leader of the Nazi party, took power in Germany and aimed to achieve German domination.
Pearl Harbor U.S. naval base in Hawaii attacked by the Japanese on Dec. 7, 1941
Neutrality Acts A series of laws passed by Congress to keep the U.S out of war.
Office of War Information Produced pro-Allied, anti-Axis, propaganda posters, movies, and radio programs to make citizens aware of how they could help the war effort.
Dwight D. Eisenhower Supreme allied commander responsible for the D-Day Invasion.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japanese cities that were targeted for the dropping of the A-bomb.
Island Hopping Successful U.S. war strategy in the Pacific where the one island is taken at a time.
Navajo Code Talkers Native Americans who were used to send messages in the military because their language could not be deciphered.
Douglas MacArthur led U.S. forces in the Pacific, gradually rook control using the strategy of island-hopping.
Baatan Death March Filipino and U.S. prisoners forced to mark 60 miles through the jungles without food and water.
Harry Truman President who made the decision to use the new atomic weapon on Japan to prevent the loss of more American lives.
Victory Gardens Americans grow their own fruits and vegetables in order to conserve the food supply.
Created by: rkrauseemhs