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Unit 12 SOL Review

Civil Rights Movement

Massive resistance Virginia policy to prevent school desegregation; declared by Senator Harry Byrd
Discrimination treating some people better than others without any fair reason
NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; founded 1901 by W.E.B. Dubious to work through the courts to secure the legal rights of African Americans
White flight whites moving away from areas with a large non-white population (example – moving from the cities to the suburbs)
Desegregation (integration) to open (ex. schools, workplace) to all races by force of law
Private academy private school; many private schools were opened by people who did not want their children to go to integrated schools
Non-violent protests promoting change in non-violent ways; boycotts, sit-ins; protestors remained calm even if heckled, beaten, spat upon or arrested
March on Washington 1963; Martin Luther King gave his “I Have a Dream” speech
Civil Rights Act (1964) Federal law intended to end discrimination based on race, color or religion at any public facility or workplace
Brown vs. Board of Education ended segregation (“separate but equal”) in public schools
Voting Rights Act of 1965 outlawed having to take a literacy test before registering to vote
Thurgood Marshall first black to become a Supreme Court JUSTICE; as a lawyer had argued against “separate but equal” for NAACP in Brown v. Board of Education
Oliver Hill NAACP Lawyer; from Richmond, VA; in 1951, filed suit to integrate schools near Farmville; this case was included in Brown v. Board of Education
Martin Luther King Jr. Father of modern civil rights movement; believed in non-violent protests; Nobel Peace Prize winner; gave “I Have a Dream” speech; assassinated in TN while assisting garbage workers strike
Created by: catherine_pace