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Unit 8 SOL Review

U.S. Imperialism and World War I

Isolationism the policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
Imperialism establishing political or economic control over other countries
Interventionism the use of military and naval powers in pursuit of political goals
Open Door Policy a policy set forth by Secretary of State John Hay in 1899, advocating equal trade opportunities for all countries dealing with China
Dollar Diplomacy a policy begun under President Taft that aimed to encourage investment of American banks and businesses in Latin America
Latin America the area south of the Rio Grande in the Western Hemisphere (Mexico, Central America, and South America) plus the Caribbean islands
Global economy the interconnectedness of the economies of countries throughout the world
Spanish American War the 1898 war between Spain and the United States; the U.S. won
Cuba the island nation 90 miles from Florida, where the Spanish American War began. After the war, the U.S. was allowed to build and maintain a naval base on the island at Guantanamo Bay.
Panama Canal 50-mile canal through the Isthmus of Panama completed in 1914, shortened the distance & allowed faster travel between the Atlantic & Pacific Oceans.
Colombia South American country that owned Panama & refused to lease land to build a canal; President Theodore Roosevelt supported a Panamanian revolution against Colombia
Hawaii Pacific islands where American planters overthrew the monarchy of Queen Liliuokalani; annexed by the United States in 1898 during the Spanish-American War
Philippines Pacific Islands annexed by the United States after the Spanish American War. Were given their freedom after a violent revolt against U.S. Manila Bay was kept as U.S. Naval Base
“Big Stick” Policy the aggressive foreign policy of President Theodore Roosevelt; used to push the building of the Panama Canal and supporting a revolution in Colombia
Roosevelt Corollary the 1904 addition to the Monroe Doctrine in which the United States claimed the right to intervene in the affairs of other nations of the Western Hemisphere
“Rough Riders” American soldiers fighting under Theodore Roosevelt in Cuba during the Spanish-American War
John Hay the United States Secretary of State who proposed the Open Door Policy in 1899, advocating equal trade opportunities for all countries dealing with China
Theodore Roosevelt 26th President, Republican, 1901 – 1909; associated with “big stick” diplomacy; led the Rough Riders in Cuba
William Randolph Hearst newspaper publisher who practiced yellow journalism
William Howard Taft 27th President, Republican, 1909 – 1913; succeeded Theodore Roosevelt; associated with dollar diplomacy
World War I War fought between 1914 – 1918 between the Allied Powers and the Central Powers, The League of Nations was created after the war.
Allied Powers alliance between Britain, Russia, and France during World War I, later joined by the United States and other countries.
Central Powers alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary during World War I
Fourteen Points Woodrow Wilson’s 1918 statement of plans for peace after World War I
Self-determination the right of all people to determine their own form of government based on ethnic and Cultural differences.
League of Nations an organization of nations established at the end of World War Ito maintain world stability; proposed by President Wilson but opposed by many in Congress
Mandate system a system in which a region is administered by another country until it is judged ready for independence Ex: middle east controlled by England till independent countries were created.
Treaty of Versailles the peace agreement that formally ended World War I created by the governments of the “BIG FOUR” England, U.S., France, Italy
U-boat a German submarine
Unrestricted submarine warfare German U-Boats attacked ships of all countries, even neutral nations
Zimmerman Note a secret message sent to Mexico in 1917 by the German foreign minister, proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico if Germany and the United States went to war
Lusitania British luxury liner with civilian passengers that was sunk by a torpedo fired from a German U-boat; led to American involvement in World War I
Woodrow Wilson 28th President, Democrat, 1913 – 1921; president during World War I; proposed the Fourteen Points plan for peace, which became the basis for the German surrender; proposed the League of Nations
Kaiser Wilhelm II leader of Germany during World War I
David Lloyd George British Prime Minister during World War I (part of Big Four)
Henry Cabot Lodge United States Senator who advocated imperialism and led the fight in the Senate against the League of Nations
Vittorio Orlando Italy Prime Minister during World War I (part of Big Four)
Georges Clemenceau French Prime Minister during World War I (part of Big Four)
Created by: catherine_pace
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