Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

* Cook CRCT Review

* Cook Review 3

QuestionAnswer
A kind of government that the citizens run themselves. Democracy
An agreement between countries to protect one another. Alliance
Many European countries took over other nations and turned them into colonies during the Age of ___. Imperialism
Theory that says the state should own all farms and factories. Communism
Why did Europeans begin to explore other lands during the Renaissance? To gain wealth from trading
Nationalism in Europe during the early 1900's led to groups of nations forming ___ with each other. Alliances
Expansion, harsh treatment of common people, and slow westernization are all things that happened in what country? Russia
Mistreatment of the serfs was one important factory that led what person to takeover Russia? Lenin
Tension was high between the Soviet Union and the United States during the ____. Cold War
Why did Europeans begin to explore other lands during the Renaissance? To gain wealth from trading
Nationalism in Europe during the early 1900's led to groups of nations forming ___ with each other. Alliances
Expansion, harsh treatment of common people, and slow westernization are all things that happened in what country? Russia
Mistreatment of the serfs was one important factory that led what person to takeover Russia? Lenin
Tension was high between the Soviet Union and the United States during the ____. Cold War
Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, and Peru are all part of which continent? South America
What is Hernan Cortes most known for? Conquering the Aztecs
What affect did smallpox have on the Incas and Aztecs? Many died because they had no natural defense
Which of the following groups would be most exciting about the idea of Mexico ending trade with the US and nationalizing major industries and businesses? The Zapatistas
Toussaint L'Ouverture was most known for what? being a slave who led a successful slave revolt
Why did Samuel de Champlain and John Guy have in common? A. They both established colonies in Canada B. They both helped found the independence movement C. They were Catholic Missionaries D. Both supported Latin American nationalism A They both established colonies in Canada
Who were the Aborigines? the indigenous or native people of Australia; " the people who were here from the beginning"
What is acid rain? clouds or rain containing sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen oxides that causes problems in the environment
What is an autocratic government? a government with a single ruler with unlimited power
What is a chancellor? head of state running day-to-day operations of government in some democracies, like Germany
What is a chief executive? a leader who heads the military, enforces laws, and keeps a country running
clear-cutting cutting all the trees in an area
Cold war a period of distrust and misunderstanding between the Soviet Union and its former allies in the West, particularly the United States.
colony a foreign area controlled by a country and contributing to its wealth.
Colombian Exchange the moving of animals, plants, people,and diseases between the Old and New Worlds
command economy an economy in which centralized groups decide what and how goods and services will be produced, distributed, and consumed
Commonwealth of Nations weak association of member countries once part of the British Empire; also called the British Commonwealth
communist describes a government that owns or controls most farms or businesses
confederation government a form of government based on a voluntary agreement under which separate countries work together
conquistador Spanish conqueror
constitutional monarchy a government in which the king or queen is head of state with little or no real power, as limited by a constitution
credit the ability to borrow money
Crusades military expeditions sent from 1096 to 1272 by various popes to capture Holy Land from Muslim Turks
Cuban Missile Crisis a tense time in j1962 when nuclear war seem possible after the soviet union placed missiles in Cuba and the United States demanded their removal
currency money used in a particular country to buy goods and services
Cyrillic alphabet writing system (differing from the Roman alphabet) used to write Russian and other Slavic languages
czar absolute rule of Russia before 1917
deforestation the process of clearing forests, selling their timber, and using the cleared land for other purposes
demand how many people want the goods available and what they are willing to pay for them
direct democracy a democratic form of government requiring a vote by all citizens for every government decision
economic depression a hard time in the economy when businesses, banks, factories close and people lose their jobs, buying and selling almost stops
economic system the way a country decides what goods and services will be produced, how they will be produced, who will consume them
embargo a government order stopping trade with another country to put pressure on the government of that other country
entrepreneur one who risks his or her own money, time, ideas, and energy to start and run a business
euro the currency of the European Union
European Union group of 27 European countries united to bring more advantages to members that might not have available to the smaller nations; the EU works to improve trade, education, farming, and industry among the members
exchange rate the price of one nation's currency in terms of another nation's currency
expenses the costs related to running a business
exports goods sold to other countries
federal government a form of government in which power is divided between a central government and smaller divisions, such as states
Federation Council that part of Russia's Federal Assembly that represents state government; approves presidential appointments
financial investment savings put into a bank account, certificate of deposit, stock, bond, or mutual fund that pays a future benefit such as interest
free economy describes an economy where businesses can operate without too many rules from the government
free enterprise a decentralized market economy
genocide the planned killing of a race of people
Germanic languages includes languages like German or English originating from Germanic tribes, largest European language group; found in northwest and central Europe
Great Britain the united countries of England, Scotland, and Wales, a union that dated from the early 1700's
Great Smog four days of intense smog in London in 1952, which alerted people to poor air quality
Great War European conflict from 1914 to 1918; also known as World War I and "the war to end all wars"
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) the total value of all goods and services produced in a country in one year
Gulf Stream a current of warm water from the Gulf of Mexico that moves north across the Atlantic, warming Ireland and the United Kingdom
head of state in a parliamentary system, the symbolic leader of a country
Holocaust the systematic killing of 6 million Jews and others by the Nazis before and during World War II
House of Commons the powerful, representative lawmaking body of the United Kingdom's Parliament; controls the budget
House of Lords the less-powerful, representative advisory lawmaking body of the United Kingdom's Parliament
human capital workers of a business or country including their education, training, skills, and health
illiteracy rate the percentage of a country's people who cannot read and write
imports goods purchased from other countries
income money coming in for a person or into a business
indigenous population the first people known to inhabit an area
industrialized countries countries that depend more on manufacturing than farming; generally have a high standard of living
interest a fee for the use of money
investing putting money into a bank account, stock, bond, or mutual fund that pays interest
laissez-faire a decentralized market economy
Latin America countries of Central and South America and the Caribbean having Spanish or Portuguese as their primary language
law of supply and demand determines price based on amount of goods available, how many consumers want the goods, ans what they are willing to pay
life expectancy the average number of years a person in a country may be reasonably expected to live
literacy rate the percentage of a country's people who can read and write
literate able to read and write
market economy an economy in which changes in price guide what and how goods and services will be produced, distributed, and consumed
mestizo in Latin America, one whose ancestors were both European and Native American
militarism using strong armies and threats of war
mixed economy an economy that blends characteristics of both command and market economies, but falls closer to one form or the other
monarch a king or queen, symbol of a country; "the crown"
MP member of parliament, elected as a representative of the people in a parliamentary system of democracy
mulatto in Latin America, one whose ancestors were both African and European
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement, which was signed in 1994 by the United States, Canada, and Mexico eliminating tariffs
Nahuatl Aztec language
nationalism the love of one's country
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) an alliance of the United States, Canada, and its western European allies; formed after World War II
Nazi Party National Socialist Party of Germany's Adolf Hitler
Oligarchic government a government that is ruled by a few
Ottoman Empire Turkey and its colonies
parliamentary system type of democratic government where citizens elect MPs who choose a prime minister
penal describes a prison
peso the Mexican or Cuban currency
phosphorus a chemical used in fertilizer,pesticides, toothpaste, detergents, and explosives that can pollute the water
physical capital factories, machines, technologies, buildings, and property needed for a business to operate
physical capital investment purchasing physical capital
Pope leader of the Roman Catholic Church
presidential system type of democratic government where citizens elect members of the legislature and also the chief executive, known as the president
prime minister the head of state in a parliamentary system of democracy, responsible for running the day-to-day operations of government
profit money left after business expenses are subtracted from business income
Quechua the Inca language
quota (1)in a centralized command economy, being told by government what and how much to produce in a certain time; (2)a limit placed on the number of imports that may enter a country
real Brazilian currency
real investment the purchase of a new home by a person or the purchase of physical capital by a business
representative democracy a democratic form of government in which the citizens elect representatives to make government decisions
Romance languages includes languages like French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian, which come from Latin, the ancient Roman language; found in south and west of Europe
ruble the Russian currency
Santeria a Cuban religion based on African traditional beliefs
savings income not spent
scarcity limited supply of something
Scramble for Africa the division of much of Africa among European countries between 1885 and 1910
separatist a person who wants Quebec to be an independent country from Canada
service jobs jobs that involve providing services to people rather than products
slag leftover rock from the smelting process
Slavic languages includes Russian; found in central and eastern Europe; sometimes written with Cyrillic alphabet
smokeless zones areas of London where, in order to improve air quality, only smokeless fuels can be used
Soviet Union a powerful communist country that supported the Castro government in Cuba
specialization the division of labor; work is divided into parts for workers, factories, or countries to become expert at producing certain goods
State Duma the elected body of Russia's Federal Assembly; controls the budget and makes laws; approves prime minister selected by the president
stock market crash occurs when the value of stocks falls quickly and deeply
supply the amount of goods available
tariff a tax on imports
third world countries developing nations that do not have much industry and that depend upon farming; have lower standard of living than industrialized countries
trade the voluntary exchange of goods and services among people and countries benefiting both parties
trade barriers ways of limiting trade by tariffs, quotas, or embargoes
traditional economy an economy in which customs and habits of the past decide what and how goods and services are produced, distributed, and consumed
unitary government a form of government in which a central government operates all levels of government in a country
urban referring to cities
viceroy Spanish governor of conquered American lands
welfare state government that guarantees certain benefits to the unemployed, poor, disabled, old, and sick, such as is done in the Basic Law of Germany
World War I European conflict from 1914 to 1918; also known as the Great War and "the war to end all wars"
World War II worldwide conflict lasting from 1939-1945
Zapatistas a guerrilla group who supported improved living conditions for indigenous Mexicans; they have resorted to harassment, sabotage, and forcible takeovers of local governments
Aboriginal people native to a region inhabiting a land before the arrival of colonists
Aborigines indigenous peoples of Austrialia
Acid Rain rain polluted with acid chemicals
Agrarian society a society that focuses around farming and land
Alied Powers those nations involved in World War 1 that were led by Great Britain and France
Allies countries on the same side in a dispute; Britain, France, Soviet Union, and United States fought together against Axis powers during World War 2
American Revolution (1775-1783) war in which American Colonist fought for independence from Britian
Annex a piece of a nation's land that another nation make a part of their own.
Annual catch number of fish caught in a given year
Anti-Semitism anti- Jewish feelings
Archipelago chain of islands
Arctic region around the North Pole
Armistice temporary halt in fighting ; a truce
Assembly Line Workers are set up at diffrent stations to each perform a diffrent portion of putting together an item
Astronomy the science of studying the universe as a whole
Austraila world smallest continent; single antion between Asia and Antarctia
Australian Capital Territory territory in New South Wales that contains the national capital of Canberra
Authoritarian describes a political system where people of a country must obey the ruling power
Axis powers Germany, Italy, and Japan that fought against the Allies during World War 2
Aztec native people of central Mexico whose civilatization was at its height at the time of the spanish conquest in the early 16th century
Barter the exchange of one good for another
Battle Of Stalingrad location of World War 2 battle considered the bloddiest battle in human history
Bering Land Bridge beringia; land that was once joined Siberia and Alaska
Berlin Wall wall in Germany that separated East and West Berlin from 1961-1989
Bicameral legislature with two branches
Biodiversity living organisms in an enviormental system
Bishop a high offical in the Catholic Church
Boyar part of the Russian noble class that owned land
Budget a plan for how much money will be spent oin each type of item that a person must buy
Cabinet group of people appointed by a president or prime minister to help with administrative advice
Caboclo Brazilian-Portuguesse word for mestizo
Cajuns Louisiana descendents of French Canadians
Campesino peasent of Latin America; usually a Spanish speaking mestizo
Canadian Shield plateau region of eastern Canada extending from the Great Lakes and the St. Lawerence river northward to the Artic ocean
Canberra capital of Australia
Cannibal person who eats human beings
Capital Goods goods used in the production of commodities
Capitalism econiomc system in which private owners control the production of goods and profits
Cargo items carried in a ship, airplane, or vehicle
Cargo Cult religion that believes goods or cargo from the West are gifts from the gods
Central Powers Germany, Austrailia, Hungary, and the Ottman Empire that fought against the Allied powers during World War 1
Christianity religion whose followers practice Jesus' teachings
City-State sovereign state consisting of an independent city and its surrounding territory
Classical Music formal insturmental music deveolped in 18th cantury Europe that is a model of musical excellence
Climate Zone area which, sue to latitude, alititude, Earth;s winds, and the oceans' currents, tends to have certain weather patterns year after year
Colony a territory or body of people living in a new territory but retaining ties with the parent state
Cloumbian Exchange widespread exchange of agrilcutural goods, livestock, slave labor, communicable diseases, and ideas between he Eastern and Western Hemispheres that occured after 1492
Command Economy an economy that is planned and contolled by a central administration
Common Market of the South (MERCOSUR) a 1991 free trade agreement amoung Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay
Compound Interest interest computed in the as well as on the original principal
Concentration Camps prisons where civilians, political prisoners, amd sometimes prisoners of war held, typically under harsh conditions
Confederation group of confederates, especially of states or nations, united for a common purpose
Conquistador conqueror, especially one of the 16th century spanish soliders who defeated the Indian civilizations of Mexico, Central America and Peru
Constitution document stating basic laws to govern a country
constitutional Monarchy form of goverment in which the king or qeen is limited by a constitution
Convento convent or monastery in Spanish missions
cooperative Busniess in Which capital, profits, and losses are shared equally amoung all those involved and all involved have equal rights
Corregidor employee appointed and paid by Spanish monarchy to run a corregimiento
Corregimiento ecomienda reclaimed by the Spanish monarchy
Coup D' etat military takeover of a goverment
Credit money that is borrowed
Criollo person of Spanish descent born in Spain's American colonies; creole
Crustacean common name for any of a group of family of invertebrates, including the crab, lobster, and shrimp
Cultural Diffusion the spread of language and tradtions from one group to another
Cultural Exchange sharing of culture between groups of people
Cultural Exchange sharing of culture between groups of people
Culturally Diverse many diffrent races, ethnicities, languages, and/or relgions existing within one place
Culture way of life of a group of people; inculdes language, customs, belifs, traditions, and relgious practices
Currency money
Currency Exchane Rate the value relationship between two diffrent currencies; the ratio changes based on the economic and political standing of a country
Customs rules of behavior that people follow within a culture
Czar name for a ruler of Russia
D-Day name given to dreatest seaborne invasion in history that occured on June 6, 1994; the Allies won and the Germans began to retreat
Deficit a governing body spends more money than it brings in
Deforestation act or process of removing trees from or clearing a forest
Democratic describes a system in which people have a voice in government actions and can participate freely and equally in the decision-making process
Denomination sect or grouping within a religion
Descendant coming from or directly related to
Disciple follower
Division of Labor on an assembly line, each person has a seperate task to do and has the tools and skills on hand needed to do that task
Dot painting Australian Aboriginal style of painting made from the dots instead of lines and shading
Dreaming time of creation in the Austrialian Aboriginal relgion
Economies socail science that deals with the production,distrubtion, and consumption of goods and services
Ecosystem ecological community together with its enviroment, functioning as a unit
Embargo a ban on trade with a country for political reasons
Econmienda owner of the ecomienda; obliged to teach Christianity
Entrepreneur person who is willing to take a risk to create busniess to sell a new techinque, idea, or product
Ethnic Group people in a region who share ancestry, language, and culture
Euro currency of the European Union
European Economic Community (EEC) established in 1958 to control member nations' economies
European Theater term used to refer to two areas of fighting during World War 2: the western front and the eastern front
European Union (EU) evolved out of the EEC and has created one economic market out of the member nations' economies
Exporter busniessperson who transports goods abroad
Export to send items from one country to another by trade or sale
Fair Trade the practice of a manufacturer and retailer agreeingon a price at which a product can be sold
Fascism totalitarilan government that has complete control over its citizens' political, economic, religious, and cultural activities
Federal Government System a system of government where in the national and state governments share power
Federal Parlimentary Democracy system in which a central government is controlled by a democratically elected Parliament
Fedual Society economic and social structure in Europe during the Middle Ages where a few ;prds owned much of the land and others had to work on the land for those lords
Figurehead powerless head of state
First Nations native people of Canada, related to people who came from Asia about 12,000 years ago
Fishery place for catching fish
Free Trade trade between nations without protective customs tariffs
Free trade Area of the Americans (FTAA) an attempt to bring all of the countries in Central America and the West Indies into free trade with each other
French and Indian War North American phase of a war between France and Britian to control colonial territory
Fresco type of painting made by applying colored pigments to wet plaster
Fuhrer Hitlers title in German, meaning leader
Glasnost A russian term meaning ploitical openess
Global Warming gradual increase in the average temperature of Earth's atmosphere caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide and pollutants; climate change
Governor a person elected or appointed to act as ruler or head of a political unit
Governor-General governor of a lrage territory who has other subordinate governors under hius or her jurisdiction
Great Barrier Reef worlds largest coral reef off the coast of Queens;and, Austrailia, in the Coral Sea
Great Lakes five lakes in central North America; the lakes are Superior, Micigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario
Great Sandy Desert desert in Western Australia
Great victoria Desert desert in South and Western Australia named after British Queen Victoria
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) the total amount of goods and services produced in a country
Guerrilla Spanish for "little war" a person who engages in irregular warfare
Guerrilla Warfare small mobile groups of non-government soldiers using tactics such as ambush, sabotage, spies, and swception to fight a larger goernment force such as an army or police force
Entrepreneur person who is willing to take a risk to create busniess to sell a new techinque, idea, or product
Ethnic Group people in a region who share ancestry, language, and culture
Euro currency of the European Union
European Economic Community (EEC) established in 1958 to control member nations' economies
European Theater term used to refer to two areas of fighting during World War 2: the western front and the eastern front
European Union (EU) evolved out of the EEC and has created one economic market out of the member nations' economies
Exporter busniessperson who transports goods abroad
Export to send items from one country to another by trade or sale
Fair Trade the practice of a manufacturer and retailer agreeingon a price at which a product can be sold
Fascism totalitarilan government that has complete control over its citizens' political, economic, religious, and cultural activities
Federal Government System a system of government where in the national and state governments share power
Federal Parlimentary Democracy system in which a central government is controlled by a democratically elected Parliament
Fedual Society economic and social structure in Europe during the Middle Ages where a few ;prds owned much of the land and others had to work on the land for those lords
Figurehead powerless head of state
First Nations native people of Canada, related to people who came from Asia about 12,000 years ago
Fishery place for catching fish
Free Trade trade between nations without protective customs tariffs
Free trade Area of the Americans (FTAA) an attempt to bring all of the countries in Central America and the West Indies into free trade with each other
French and Indian War North American phase of a war between France and Britian to control colonial territory
Fresco type of painting made by applying colored pigments to wet plaster
Fuhrer Hitlers title in German, meaning leader
Glasnost A russian term meaning ploitical openess
Global Warming gradual increase in the average temperature of Earth's atmosphere caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide and pollutants; climate change
Governor a person elected or appointed to act as ruler or head of a political unit
Governor-General governor of a lrage territory who has other subordinate governors under hius or her jurisdiction
Great Barrier Reef worlds largest coral reef off the coast of Queens;and, Austrailia, in the Coral Sea
Great Lakes five lakes in central North America; the lakes are Superior, Micigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario
Great Sandy Desert desert in Western Australia
Great victoria Desert desert in South and Western Australia named after British Queen Victoria
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) the total amount of goods and services produced in a country
Guerrilla Spanish for "little war" a person who engages in irregular warfare
Guerrilla Warfare small mobile groups of non-government soldiers using tactics such as ambush, sabotage, spies, and swception to fight a larger goernment force such as an army or police force
Hacienda ranch where farming and cattle ranching take place
Hajj pilgrimage by muslims to Mecca
Holocaust murder of Eouperan Jews, gypsies, homosexuals, and dissenters by the Nazis during World War 2
House of Commons one of two governing bodies in the British parliament
House of Lords one of two governing bodies in the British parliament
Hudson Bay an inlet in northeast Canada that is 850 miles long
Hudson's Bay Company powerful fur trading company that helped explore much of western Canada
Human capital the value that people bring to the marketplace
Humanism Renaissance idea that focuses on the importance of the individual
Hydroelectric power electricty made from water moving through a dam
Ideology ideas or theroies that guide indivuals, social movements, or groups of people
Illiteracy inability to read and write
Imperialism strategy by which a state tries to put other states under its political or economic control; colonialsim
Import bring or carry in from an outside source, espically to bring in goods or materials from a foregin country for trade or sale
Import quota a limit to the amount of a specific good that is imported
Created by: kcook