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Australia

TermDefinition
Ayer's Rock The name of the famous red rock formation in the Outback. It is called Uluru by the aborigines. It is sacred to the aborigines.
Great Victoria Desert The arid region located in South Western Australia. It is the largest desert in Australia.
Great Barrier Reef It is made from the skeletons of tiny animals. It is located of the North Eastern coast of Australia.
Coral Sea The body of water off the north eastern coast of Australia. It is where one of the largest coral reefs in the world is located.
Arid Another word for dry.
Outback The interior of Australia. The area located west of the Great Dividing Range.
Great Dividing Range The large mountain range in the east. Most people live east of the range because the range forms a rain shadow and land west of the range is dry.
Aborigines These first people of Australia migrated to Australia from Asia. They were mistreated by British settlers.
Penal Colony This is the type of colony that Australia was at first because of the overcrowded prisons in the UK.
English The main language of Australia.
Christianity The main religion of Australia.
Literacy Rate The amount of people that can read or write.
Standard of Living The overall well-being of a nation(how wealthy and healthy it is).
Unitary Central government has the power.
Confederation Local government has the power.
Federation Central and local share power.
Autocracy One person controls the whole country. Citizens have no rights.
Oligarchy A small group of people control the country. Citizens have no rights.
Democracy Citizens can vote for government leaders.
Parliamentary Democracy A type of democracy where the legislative body selects the head of government.
Prime Minister The title of the head of government in Australia.
Monarch The title of the head of state in Australia.
Constitutional Monarchy A type of queen/king with limited powers.
Governor General The person who is the queen's voice in former colonies.
Created by: mayawbee
 

 



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