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GA Judicial Branch

terms, etc.

TermDefinition
Appeal to ask a higher court to reverse the decision of a trial court after final judgment or other legal ruling
Appellate Court courts that review cases that have already been decided by a lower court
Civil Law disputes over non-criminal laws between 2 people
Criminal Law when a crime has been committed against the state/ a law has been broken
Original Jurisdiction power for a court to hear a case for the FIRST time
Capital Felony/Crime crime punishable by the death penalty
Defendant the party sued in a civil lawsuit or the party charged with a crime in a criminal prosecution
Verdict decision of the jury in a trial (guilty or not guilty)
Mediation (in civil cases) the attempt to settle a legal dispute through active participation of a third party who works to find points of agreement and make those in conflict agree on a fair result
Chief Justice presiding judge of the Georgia Supreme Court
Circuit Court system of courts in a region with original jurisdiction
Felony serious crime punishable by a year or more in prison, a fine of at least $1,000, or both
Grand Jury a group of citizens who examine the evidence in order to determine if the suspect should be charged with a crime- if there is, they will issue an indictment and the case will be assigned to a Superior Court
Jurisdiction the authority given by law to a court to try cases and rule on legal matters within a particular geographic area and/or over certain types of legal cases
Misdemeanor a less serious crime punishable by less than a year in prison, a fine of less than $1,000, or both
Trial Jury group of citizens who use evidence and observances in a trial to decide among themselves if they think the defendant is guilty or not- afterward notifying the judge of their decision
Plaintiff the party who initiates a lawsuit by filing a complaint
Due Process citizens must be given the right to remain silent, a public lawyer, and a speedy, public trial before a fair judge and jury
Prosecutor (criminal case) person who represents the government and presents the evidence against the defendant- AKA District Attorney
Bail the money or bond put up to secure the release of a person who has been charged with a crime
Arraigned called or brought before a court for an answer to an indictment; initial appearance
Deliberation the act of considering, discussing, and reaching a conclusion, such as a jury's discussions
Indictment charge of a crime by a Grand Jury- case is sent to a Superior Court
Probable Cause sufficient reason based upon known facts to believe a crime has been committed or that certain property is connected with a crime- may allow police to search or arrest without a warrant
Tort civil wrong committed against a person
Probate Court (civil law) court that handles things such as wills of deceased people
Magistrate Court (civil and criminal law) court that handles cases such as minor traffic incidents
State Court (civil and criminal) court that handles misdemeanor violations
Juvenile Court court that handles minors (citizens under 17)
Supreme Court highest court in GA, appellate court, 7 Justices serve 6-year terms
State Court of Appeals second highest ranking state court in GA, 12 judges, 4 divisions
Created by: kayleighs
 

 



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