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Chap. 16

Complaint A formal notice that a lawsuit is being brought
Summons A notice directing someone to appear in court to answer a complaint or a charge
Discovery The process by which attorneys have opportunity to check facts and gather evidence
Settlement In a legal case, the amount of money the defendant agrees to pay to the plaintiff
Prosecution A party who starts the legal proceedings against another party for a violation of the law
Crime An act that breaks a law and causes harm to people or society in general
Penal Code A state's written criminal law
Parole Permission to grant a prisoner an early release from prison, with certain restrictions
Mandatory Sentencing A punishment that judges must impose according to what the law directs
Arraignment A hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty or not guilty
Testimony The statement a witness makes under oath
Cross-examine To question a witness at a trial or hearing to check or discredit the testimony
Acquittal A vote of not guilty
Hung Jury A jury that cannot agree on a verdict
Juvenile A person who is not yet legally an adult
Juvenile Delinquent A child or teenager who commits a serious crime or repeatedly breaks the law
Equivalent To be alike or equal to in number or meaning
Created by: abdieldeleon