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Roaring 20s

US History STAAR EOC Terms

TermDefinition
Marcus Garvey African-American activists known for his Back to Africa Movement and formed the Universal Negro Improvement Association.
Immigration Quota Acts Designed to limit number of Southern and Eastern European immigrants; passed in 1921, 1924, and 1929.
Charles Lindburgh Popular hero; first person to fly across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927.
Great Migration 2 million African-Americans move out of the south to escape racism and to the North and Midwest in search of jobs.
Lost Generation Group of writers, such as F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway, who rejected the idea of material wealth in favor of spirituality.
Henry Ford Entrepreneur who introduced the assembly line production of automobiles. Led to mass production of goods.
18th Amendment Prohibits the sale, manufacture, and distribution of alcohol.
Warren Harding Elected president in 1920; enacted highest tariff in U.S. history, lowered taxes, and restricted immigration - a return to normalcy.
Clarence Darrow Famous defense attorney; defended John Scopes in the "Monkey Trial" representing modern ideals.
Frances Willard Outspoken women in the temperance movement.
Teapot Dome Scandal Government officials found guilt of accepting bribes for leasing federal land to oil companies.
19th Amendment Granted women the right to vote.
Speculation The purchase of an item in the hope of selling it later at a higher price.
Eugenics Belief that the human race could be improved by breeding.
Flappers Women who rejected the traditional fashion and lifestyle; favored shorter hair and dresses.
Return to Normalcy President Harding's campaign slogan that emphasized peacetime production and prosperity.
Calvin Coolidge Pro-business President who is known for favoring businesses as the chief interest of American government.
Rugged Individualism President Hoover's belief that America's greatness was made possible by the ideas of equal opportunity, free education, and an individual will to succeed.
Red Scare Wave of panic and hysteria caused by a fear of Communism and anarchy.
Scopes "Monkey" Trial Courtroom battle over the teaching of modern scientific theories and the traditional religious beliefs.
Ku Klux Klan Hostile group that was anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic, anti-Jewish, and anti-African-American.
Tin Pan Alley area of New York City where song writing and music ideas mixed together to form popular American music
Prohibition The time period where alcohol was banned; citizens regularly broke laws through bootlegging and speakeasies to access liquor; organized crime increased.
Roaring Twenties post WW1 time period known for isolationism and economic prosperity.
Langston Hughes Famous African-American poet known for expressing pride in his heritage and attacking racism.
Herbert Hoover President blamed for continuing pro-business policies and not doing enough to remedy the economic depression at the end of the 1920s.
Harlem Renaissance Celebration of African-American culture, including jazz. art. and poetry that created new optimism.
Palmer Raids Fear of communists resulted in the arrests of 4,000 suspects and deportation of 600 others directed by Attorney General Plamer.
Nativism Dislike of foreigners; shown through the fear of communists and New Immigrants in the 1920s.
Sacco and Vanzetti Two Italian immigrants falsely accused and executed for a murder due to the Red Scare and Nativist beliefs.
Buying on Credit Purchasing goods and promising to pay the bill at a later date.
Created by: rkrauseemhs