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COLD WAR

TERMS

TermDefinition
Communism type of government owns and controls most everything; no private property
Arms race competition between countries to achieve superiority in quantity and quality of military arms
Iron Curtain imaginary border between Western Europe and the communist countries of Eastern Europe; made it very difficult to travel into or out of Eastern Europe.
Super Power an extremely powerful nation in economics, military and influence
United Nations international organization that works for peace, security and cooperation
Containment: American policy that called for the US to RESIST Soviet attempts to form Communist governments ELSEWHERE
Marshall Plan A program; U S gave large amounts of economic aid to European countries to help them rebuild after WWII
Truman Doctrine pledge to give military and economic aid to any country threatened by Communism
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization. A military alliance of several countries.
Proxy war a conflict between two nations where neither country directly engages the other
Stalemate to bring to a standstill
Armistice a suspension of hostilities by agreement of the warring parties; truce
Foreign Policy a policy pursued by a nation in its dealings with other nations, designed to achieve national objectives
market economy (free enterprise free economy, free market) production, distribution, and exchange is controlled by individuals and privately owned corporations rather than by the government
command economy production and distribution of goods and services are controlled by the government and industry is mostly publicly owned; communist and socialist tendencies
capitalism an economic system with a free market and private control
guerilla warfare sudden unexpected attacks carried out by an unofficial military group or groups that are trying to change the government by assaults on the armed forces
quarantine political and economic isolation of a nation in retribution for unacceptable policies
blockade the isolating, closing off, or surrounding of a place, as a port, harbor or city, by hostile ships or troops to prevent entrance or exit
Vietnam War a "proxy" war in the Cold War between superpowers November 1, 1955 – April 30, 1975
Viet Cong The Viet Cong were Vietnamese rebels in the South who fought against the Southern Vietnam government and the United States 

Mandate of Heaven: a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
Khmer Rouge a Cambodian guerrilla and rebel force and political opposition movement, originally Communist and Communist-backed
Demilitarized Zone an area in which it is forbidden to station military forces or maintain military installations
Created by: WIMS
 

 



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