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Ancient Rome Theater

Menander Writer of New Comedy in Hellenistic Greece. Wrote situational, domestic comedies. Only surviving play is The Grouch
Greek New Comedy Domestic, situational comedy. Conventions include, asides, eavesdropping, misunderstandings and happy endings. Basis for modern-day farce.
Plautus Major writer of farces. Wrote Miles Gloriousus and Pseudolus.
Terence Writer of domestic comedies. Wrote Brothers
Horace Critic, wrote Ars Poetica
Ars Poetica A treatise on poetics in drama.
Horace's Theories of Drama Drama should delight and teach. "In media res" meaning we start in the middle of things. Five acts, unity, grace (nothing should jar), decorum.
Influences of Seneca Only known writer of Roman tragedies. Five-act structure, elaborate speeches, horrifying examples of human behavior, violence, magical realism, Obsession, soliloquies and asides.
Vitruvius Wrote De Architectura
De Architectura Served as a model for neo-classical writers in italy. Written by Vitruvius.
Mimes "Vaudeville" performers who were both men and women and performed both masked and unmasked.
Ludi Roman festival meant to entertain gods.
Munera A sponsored Roman festival,
Pompa Upper class Roman festival
Instauratio Festivals performed again if there was a mistake in the previous festival.
Fabulae palliata Comedies on Greek themes (Plautus, Terence)
Fabulae Togata Comdies on Roman themes. We don't have any.
Fabulae crepidata Tragedies on Greek themes (Seneca)
Fabulae praetexta Tragedies on Roman themes. We have one, Octavia.
Fabulae Atellene Farces using 4 stock characters
Fabulae riciniata Mimes, hooded play, variety, fertility festivals.
Fabulae Saltica Silent Pantomimes, dancer sang text
Gladiatorial contests Gladiatorial contests
Venationes Fights with animals in the arena
Naumachiae Sea battles in arena.
Scenae Backdrop in Hellenistic Greece
Vomitoria Places where actors enter from caves under seats in Ancient Rome.
Scaenae frons Elaborately decorated backdrop of Roman stage. "In front of scene"
Pinakes Flats in Hellenistic Greece
Perialtoi 3 flats joined with a different scene painted on each one in Hellenistic Greek theater.
Cavea The place where the spectators sat in Roman theater.
Machanae The machinery of Ancient Roman theater
Auleum Back curtain in Ancient Roman theater
Siparium Front curtain in ancient Roman theater
Velum Awnings that protected spectators from sun in Ancient Roman theater
Pulpitum The raised stage in Ancient Roman theater.
Created by: Sweeney10