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Unit 2 SOL Review

Revolutionary War

TermDefinition
Proclamation of 1763 ENGLISH LAW stating that COLONISTS COULD NOT SETTLE WEST OF THE APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS
Stamp Act British TAX ON ALL LEGAL DOCUMENTS used in trade, banks and government
Boston Massacre clash between BRITISH SOLDIERS AND AMERICANS in 1770 where 5 COLONISTS WERE KILLED
Tea & Sugar Act British TAX ON SUGAR & TEA in the colonies
Boston Tea Party DUMPING of 18,000 pounds of TEA IN BOSTON HARBOR by colonists in 1773 to PROTEST THE TEA ACT
Loyalists (Tories) COLONISTS who supported and were LOYAL TO ENGLAND
Patriots (Rebels) COLONISTS who SUPPORTED THE REVOLUTION & a new government for the United States
Enlightenment 17TH & 18TH CENTURY INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT that emphasized the use of reason and the scientific method as a means of getting knowledge
Inalienable Rights RIGHTS ALL MEN ARE BORN WITH that the GOVERNMENT CANNOT TAKE AWAY
John Locke Enlightenment philosopher of the 1600’s who started the idea of NATURAL RIGHTS of “LIFE, LIBERTY AND PROPERTY”
Social Contract Theory philosophy of JOHN LOCKE that people enter into an agreement to FORM A GOVERNMENT TO PROTECT THEIR RIGHTS, and if government threatens their natural rights, PEOPLE HAVE THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR OVERTHROW THE GOVERNMENT
Thomas Paine English immigrant to America who wrote “COMMON SENSE” – a pamphlet read in the colonies that encouraged them to declare independence from England
Thomas Jefferson wrote the DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE; his ideas were INFLUENCED BY LOCKE AND PAINE
Lexington & Concord 1ST BATTLE OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR; victory for colonists using guerrilla tactics
“Minutemen” MASSACHUSETTS MILITIA group that could protect their home area; met British at LEXINGTON & CONCORD
George Washington COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF of the COLONIAL ARMY
Patrick Henry Virginian who said “GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH” and sparked the Patriots to revolt
Second Continental Congress May, 1775 meeting that APPROVED THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE and chose Washington as the leader of the army
Treaty of Alliance treaty of friendship between the AMERICAN COLONIES AND FRANCE arranged by BENJAMIN FRANKLIN; got FRENCH MILITARY SUPPORT
Yorktown FINAL BATTLE of the REVOLUTIONARY WAR; with help from France, English General Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington
Peace of Paris treaty that ENDED THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR and stated that THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA was a free nation; England gave U.S. land from Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi River
Equality A KEY PRINCIPAL of the Declaration of Independence that can be seen in American society today through free PUBLIC EDUCATION, the DUE PROCESS of law, and extending VOTING RIGHTS AND REPRESENTATION to all citizens
Liberty A KEY PRINCIPAL of the Declaration of Independence that can be seen in American society today by the ABOLISHING OF SLAVERY and extending CIVIL RIGHTS to women and many minority groups
Pursuit of Happiness A KEY PRINCIPAL of the Declaration of Independence that can be seen in the FREE ENTERPRISE SYSTEM of economy, the availability of ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY, and the PROTECTION OF INDIVIDUAL’S PROPERTY RIGHTS
Created by: catherine_pace