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U1_SOL Review

Colonial Period

TermDefinition
covenant community A community that ABIDES BY REGULATIONS set forth in a WRITTEN AGREEMENT
Mayflower Compact AGREEMENT written and signed by PILGRIM LEADERS before leaving the Mayflower to form a GOVERNMENT and submit to the will of the majority
religious freedom FREEDOM TO PRACTICE the RELIGION of your choice
religious intolerance UNWILLINGNESS TO GRANT EQUAL FREEDOM of expression to other religious groups, such as PURITANS in New England
religious tolerance WILLINGNESS TO GRANT EQUAL FREEDOM of expression to other religious groups, such as QUAKERS in the mid-Atlantic
immigrant a person who COMES TO A COUNTRY to take up PERMANENT RESIDENCY
direct democracy a system of government in which the PEOPLE OF A COMMUNITY have the opportunity to VOTE TO CREATE NEW LAWS
town meeting a GATHERING OF PEOPLE in NEW ENGLAND to discuss and VOTE ON NEW LAWS, practicing DIRECT DEMOCRACY
economic opportunity the ability to MAKE A PROFIT through business ventures
cavalier an ENGLISH NOBLE who came to the New World and was GIVEN LAND BY THE KING
land grant a LARGE PIECE OF LAND in the New World GIVEN BY THE KING of England TO A CAVALIER
indentured servants POOR PEOPLE who WORKED FOR OTHERS in the New World for a number of years IN EXCHANGE FOR THE COST OF THEIR TRAVEL from Europe
Virginia Company of London the company that STARTED the settlement at JAMESTOWN to seek ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY
Jamestown the FIRST PERMANENT ENGLISH SETTLEMENT in NORTH AMERICA
Virginia House of Burgesses the FIRST ELECTED ASSEMBLY in the NEW WORLD that has OPERATED CONTINUOUSLY SINCE THE 1640’S
Virginia General Assembly the current LAWMAKING BODY of Virginia that STARTED in the 1640’s AS THE VIRGINIA HOUSE OF BURGESSES
agricultural economy An economy based on SELLING CROPS grown on FARMS AND PLANTATIONS
France the European country that had the MOST PEACEFUL RELATIONSHIPS WITH NATIVE AMERICANS IN CANADA
disease the main REASON that so many NATIVE AMERICANS DIED after the Europeans arrived
1607 the year that JAMESTOWN WAS ESTABLISHED
Spain the EUROPEAN COUNTRY from which many people CAME TO THE CARIBBEAN AND CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA
Africa the CONTINENT from which people were brought to the New World as SLAVES
England and Spain the two EUROPEAN COUNTRIES who had the MOST CONFLICT NATIVE AMERICANS in the New World
1619 the year the FIRST AFRICAN-AMERICANS were brought to JAMESTOWN to work on TOBACCO PLANTATIONS
economy how societies produce, distribute, and consume of goods and services; HOW A REGION MAKES MONEY
free enterprise system PRIVATE BUSINESSES with MINIMAL GOVERNMENT REGULATION
New York & Philadelphia SEAPORTS and commercial centers in the MIDDLE ATLANTIC states
cash crop a crop that could be grown in LARGE QUANTITIES on plantations and SOLD FOR A PROFIT in Europe
small-scale subsistence farming SMALL FARMS that supported the needs of a FAMILY
Puritans members of the Church of England who WANTED A PURIFIED CHURCH without ceremonies and rich clothes; settled in New England INTOLERANT of other religions
Anglicans Members of the CHURCH OF ENGLAND; all Englishmen were expected to belong to this church
Quakers, Jews, Huguenots & Presbyterians TOLERANT RELIGIOUS GROUPS that settled in the MIDDLE ATLANTIC colonies – Quakers in Pennsylvania, Jews & Huguenots in New York, and Presbyterians in New Jersey
Methodists & Baptists EVANGELICAL RELIGIONS that spread throughout Europe and the colonies during the “GREAT AWAKENING” in the mid-1700’s
Great Awakening RELIGIOUS MOVEMENT DURING THE MID-1700’S led to the rapid growth of evangelical religions, challenged the established religious and governmental order, and laid social foundations for American Revolution
Middle Passage the middle part of the Triangle Trade ROUTE WHICH BROUGHT SLAVES to the New World
Created by: catherine_pace
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