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U.S. History

Chapter 15 and 16

Cold War an area of confrontation and competition between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that lasted from 1945-1990
United Nations founded in 1945; objectives included: Maintaining international peace, human rights, and humanitarian aid
Satellite Nations communist countries in Eastern Europe under Soviet domination and sympathetic to Soviet goals
The Yalta Conference meeting of FDR, Churchill and Stalin (The Big Three) to discuss the postwar world
Containment Truman's policy that accepted that Eastern Europe was under Communist control, but sought to prevent Communist governments from taking over elsewhere in the world
Truman Doctrine Stated that the U.S. would support free peoples who resisted communism; was first applied to Greece and Turkey in 1947
The Marshall Plan named for Secretary of State George Marshall; intended to Stop the spread of communism in Western Europe
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Formed to provide collective securities- mutual military assistance among nations
Limited Warfare a war fought to win a specific objective rather than a total victory
HUAC House Un-American Activities Committee began investigating Hollywood; "Are you now or have you ever been a member of the communist party?"
Hollywood Ten Ten Hollywood celebrities who refused to answer questions from the HUAC; they spent up to a year in jail
Blacklist a list of Hollywood actors, writers, directors, and broadcasters who were suspected of being communist; they were not to be hired if they were on the list
Alger Hiss accused of being a Soviet Spy; was investigated by HUAC and Richard Nixon; was convicted of perjury and served 4 years in prison
McCarthyism technique of making broad accusations with little or no evidence
1945 the United States developed that atomic bomb (The Manhattan Project)
1952 Soviets developed the atomic bomb
1952 the US developed the hydrogen bomb
1953 the Soviets developed the hydrogen bomb
Deterrence the policy of making a nation's military power so strong that no enemy would attack or fear of retaliation
Massive Retaliation the policy of threatening a massive response, including nuclear weapons, against a Communist nation trying to seize a peaceful state by force
Brinkmanship police of risking war in order to protect national interest
Arms race the struggle to gain weapons superiority; mostly between the U.S. and the USSR
U-2 incident 1960 Soviets shot down U.S. spy plane with guided missile
Zionism movement seeking Jewish homeland in palestine
Created by: Becca101