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10 WWI

US History

Factors that led to World War I (WWI) Nationalism, Militarism, Imperialism, Alliances
nationalism Devotion, pride, love for one's NATION -
militarism glorification of the military, the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.
imperialism political, military, economic domination of strong nations over weaker territories
Triple Alliance Alliance during WWI: Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Triple Entente Alliance during WWI: France, Russia and Great Britain
Franz Ferdinand heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary who was assassinated along with his pregnant wife in Sarajevo (Bosnia - this would touch off WWI)
Gavrilo Princip Bosnian conspirator who assassinated the archduke of Austria-Hungary
Allied Powers the forces of Britain, France, Russia, and Serbia who fought the Central Powers; also known as the "Allies"
Central Powers forces of Germany, Austria-Hungary (later joined by Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire)who fought the Allied forces
neutrality refusal to take part in a war between other powers
propaganda information used to influence opinion (e.g. Posters that show Germans as evil monsters)
u-boats German submarines
Lusitania English passenger liner that was sunk by Germany (128 Americans killed)
Sussex Pledge Germany's pledge to not attack and sink unarmed ships (well that pledge really sucked)
Zimmerman Telegram communication between Germany and Mexico requesting that Mexico declare war on the United States; Mexico would get Texas, New Mexico, Arizona in return
Selective Service Act 1917 Congressional act authorizing the draft of young men for military service; chosen by lottery
Harry Garfield director of Fuel Administration who was responsible for daylight savings time as a measure used in the war effort
Espionage Act Congressional act that allowed postal authorities to ban treasonable or seditious newspapers, magazines, etc; also established penalties for anyone obstructing the war effort
Sedition Act Congressional act that made it unlawful to use disloyal, profane or scurrilous language about the US government, war, etc
Schenck v United States Supreme Court case that upheld that constitutionality of Sedition Act; cannot create a "clear and present danger"; First Amendment rights are denied to insure security
Espionage spying to acquire secret government information
Great Migration mass movement of African Americans from southern United States to northern states (esp. Chicago) in search of employment and to escape discrimination
General John Pershing commander of the American forces in WWI
doughboys nickname for American soldiers in WWI
Vladimir Lenin Communists Party leader who was responsible for assassination on Czar Nicholas II, overthrow of Russian government and withdrawal of Russia from WWI
Armistice cease fire; truce; 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month
Fourteen Points President Wilson's goals for WWI and plan for future world negotiations; established the League of Nations, an "association of nations"
League of Nations world organization established after WWI to promote peaceful cooperation between countries; forerunner to the United Nations
Treaty of Versailles treaty between Germany and Allied forces (minus United States); forced Germany to pay reparations
reparations payment for war damages; required of Germany as a consequence of WWI
irreconcilables isolationist US senators who opposed any treaty that that included a League of Nations; did not want US entangled in world organizations
reservationists senators who opposed the Treaty of Versailles as it was written; wanted changes made to the language
Red Scare a wave of widespread fear that communists and radicals were plotting a revolution in the United States
Big Four at the Paris Peace Conference, leaders of the United States (Wilson), Great Britain, France, Italy
Created by: CoachKellie