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Vocab Cards

TermDefinition
Sectionalism division of a nation by regions, each region is more concerned with the issue of its region than the whole nation.
Free Soil Party formed in the 1840's, was opposed to the expansion of slavery, led to the creation of the Republican Party.
Henry Clay created the Compromise of 1850, know as the "Great Compromiser."
Stephen A. Doulgas Democratic senator from Illinois, ran against Lincoln for the Senate in 1858, creator of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, ran against Lincoln for president in 1860.
Compromise of 1850 created when California wanted to become a free state, (1) California a free state, (2) Slave trade abolished in Washington, D.C., (3) stronger fugitive slave law, (4) slavery would not be limited int the Mexican Cession.
Fugitive Slave Act citizens were now required to turn in all suspected runaway slaves, more Northerners became abolitionists.
Uncle Tom's Cabin written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, it was a fictional story of slave life, convinced many in the North of evil of slavery.
Kansas-Nebraska Act allowed each territory's population to vote on whether on whether to enter the U.S. as either a free state or slave state (example of popular sovereignty.)
John Brown radical abolitionists, led raids on pro-slavery towns in Kansas and the raid on Harper's Ferry.
Bleeding Kansas period before the vote on slavery in Kansas, characterized by violence by both pro-slavery and anti-slavery.
Raid on Harper's Ferry led by Brown, attempt to capture weapons in a federal arsenal (weapons storage) in order to supply guns to uprising slave, Brown and followers were captured and executed.
Republican Party formed form other anti-slavery parties, platform (basic beliefs) was based on limiting the spread of slavery into new territories, popular in the North, created in the 1850's.
Dred Scott v. Sandford Supreme Court case in which Scott, a slave, sued for his freedom based on the fact he had lived in a territory that prohibited slavery.
Abraham Lincoln 16th President, member of the Republican Party, his election spurred southern states to secede.
Lincoln-Douglas Bebates for 1858 Illinois Senate race, defined the arguments on both sides of the slavery issue.
Democratic Party supported the spread of slavery in the 1850's, popular in the South.
Secession to withdraw from a nation.
Confederate States of America a union of the states that secede from the United States prior to the Civil War.
Jefferson Davis president of the Confederate states of America.
Border States Missouri, Delaware, Kentucky and Maryland, these states had slavery but choose to not secede during the Civil War.
Created by: BigL2001