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HIST 11 CH 10 TEST

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian HIST 11 "The Jazz Era" unit test 2017

QuestionAnswer
What happened during the Teapot Dome Scandal? President Harding's secretary of the interior secretly allowed private interests to lease lands containing U.S. Navy oil reserves at Teapot Dome, Wyoming & Elk Hills, California. The Sec.of the Interior received bribes in return. (Pg. 363)
What does the term “supply - side economics” mean? An economic theory which argues that economic growth can be most effectively created by investing in capital, and by lowering barriers on the production of goods and services. (Pg. 365)
What does the term “cooperative individualism” mean? This idea involved encouraging businesses to form trade associations that would voluntarily share information with the federal government. (Pg. 365)
how does "cooperative individualism" relate to Herbert Hoover and economic growth during the Jazz Era? Herbert Hoover was the Secretary of Commerce who came up with the philosophy of "cooperative individualism" to try to promote economic growth. (Pg. 365)
What was the Dawes Plan? Plan in which American banks would make loans to Germany that would enable it to make reparations payments. In exchange, Britain & France would accept less in reparations & pay back more on their war debts. (Pg. 366 - 367)
What was the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928? Treaty proposed in August 1928 that proposed to outlaw war. (Pg. 367)
How are Henry Ford, the “model T” ford vehicle, and assembly lines are related? Henry Ford created the Model T ford and then created the assembly line system of manufacturing to make it faster. This reduced costs so that more people can afford to buy them. (Pg. 368)
What are the four (4) elements of “The Consumer Society”? 1. Easy consumer credit; 2. Mass Advertising; 3. The Managerial Revolution; 4. Welfare Capitalism.
What does the term “welfare capitalism” mean? When companies allowed workers to buy stock, participate in profit sharing, & receive medical care and pensions. (Pg. 374)
What are/ were “open shops”? A workplace where employees were not required to join a union. (Pg. 374)
What does the term “creationism” mean? The belief that God created the world as described in the Bible. (Pg. 380)
What was the verdict in the Scopes Trial? Scopes was found guilty and fined $100 - but the conviction was later overturned on a technicality. (Pg. 380)
Which Constitutional Amendment instituted Prohibition? The 18th Amendment. (Pg. 381)
Which Constitutional Amendment repealed Prohibition? The 21st Amendment. (Pg. 381)
Where did Fundamentalism come from? It is derived from a series of Christian religious pamphlets titled "The Fundamentals". (Pg. 380)
What act restricted annual admission to the U.S. to 3% of any ethnic group? The Emergency Quota Act. (Pg. 378)
What was the “Great Migration” & why did it take place? The period during the during WWI and the 1920's when hundreds of thousands of African Americans moved from the rural South to industrial cities in the North. (Pg. 388)
What was the Harlem Renaissance? A period of artistic development, racial pride, and political organization among African Americans during the 1920's. (Pg. 388)
Agents from what government agency were responsible for enforcing Prohibition? Treasury Agents. (Pg. 381)
What is the definition of “evolution”? This theory states that human beings developed from lower forms of life over the course of millions of years. (Pg. 380)
What does the term "Bohemian" mean/ refer to? This term means "an artistic and unconventional lifestyle". (Pg. 282)
What does the term "Mass Media" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "radio, movies, newspapers, & magazines aimed at a broad audience". (Pg. 385)
What is the NAACP? This stands for the "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People". The group was founded in the early 1920's. (Pg. 392)
What was the NAACP's mission? This group "battled against segregation and discrimination against African Americans. They focused their efforts primarily on lobbying public officials & working through the court system. (Pg. 392)
Who was Marcus Garvey? He was an African American leader from Jamaica who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). (Pg. 393)
What was the "central message" of the UNIA? Their message was that African Americans could gain economic and political power by educating themselves. He also advocated separation & independence from whites. (Pg. 393)
In the 1920's, which political party did most African Americans who were living in larger northern cities cast their vote for? This group cast their vote for Republican candidates in elections. (Pg. 392)
What are the "roots" of "Blues" music? The "roots" of this type of music can be found in African American spirituals. (Pg. 390)
What are the "roots" of "Jazz" music? The "roots" of this type of music can be found in Dixieland blues and ragtime music. (Pg. 389)
Why did Americans have more leisure time in the 1920's? This occurred due to the new economic prosperity that was flourishing during this time. Americans had more spending money, "which they devoted to making their lives more enjoyable". (Pg. 384)
Created by: sticklerpjpII