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Ancient Greece

What geographical feature kept city-states from sharing ideas of government and other aspects of culture with each other? Mountains made the terrain difficult to travel over and prevented the sharing of cultural information.
What type of land forms were dominant in Greece? Mountains were dominant
What hindrances (problems) did these landforms cause for the Greek people? Made travel difficult, made farming difficult.
Ancient Greece was located on a ________ surrounded on water by 3 sides peninsula
What geographical feature was important and vital to Greek trade? The seas—Aegean, Mediterranean, and Ionian
What is a monarchy? government usually ruled by one person. Usually a King or Queen, power is handed down to the children of the monarch.
What is a democracy? All people have a say in the government. The power rests in the people's hands
What is an Oligarchy? Rule by a few wealthy people, who tended to be elite
What is a tyranny? Power in the hands of one person, but who usually takes over by force and is not the legitimate leader
Which type of government came first? Oligarchy—wealthy people with power usually are the frst to have power
Which city-state does this describes?: Was a democracy. Children went to school until age 18. They were also trained for the military.Women did not have many rights and slaves had to work where they were told and in silver mines. Athens
Which city- state does this describe?; got goods by farming, conquering, trading, and slaves. Oligarchy. boys and girls trained to fght from age 7, boys taught to suffer pain without complaining.Women were equal to men and slaves could marry, still work. Sparta
Describe the battle of marathon. Greeks met the Persians and although out manned, they won the victory
Describe the battle of Thermopylae. 300 Spartans delayed the Persians at “the Gates.” They used Geography to their favor and a traitor led the Persians through a goat path that allowed them to get on the back side of Spartans and then defeat them
Describe the battle of Salamis Naval battle, the Greeks used smaller, faster, and more maneuverable ships to defeat the larger Persian feet
Describe the battle of Plateau. battle on the plains of plateau, the Greeks win and send the Persians army Xerxes had left behind
Who were the Olympian gods and why were they important? They were the gods considered most important that lived on Mount Olympus. Zeus, Hera,Poseidon, Hestia, Demeter, Ares, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, and Hermes.
Why would Greeks visit the Oracle at Delphi? To ask the advice of the god Apollo through the oracle. The answers came often as riddles
What does the term “philosophy” mean? “love of wisdom”
Describe each major Greek Philosopher. Socrates- Teacher of Plato, made the Socratic method. Absolute right and wrong Plato-wrote the Republic, taught Aristotle, did not like democracy, Aristotle- Taught Alexander the Great, taught the golden mean. Nothing too excessive, wrote over 200 book
Created by: kespires



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