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Antebellum U.S.

vocabulary 15

SECTIONALISM division of a nation by regions, each region is concerned with the issues of its region than the whole nation
FREE SOIL PARTY formed in the 1840s, was opposed to the expansion of slavery, led to the creation of the Republican party
HENRY CLAY created the Compromise of 1850, Know as the 'Great Compromiser'
STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS Democratic senator from Illinois, ran against Lincoln for the senate in 1858, creator of the Kansas- Nebraska Act, ran against Lincoln for president in 1860
COMPROMISE OF 1850 created when California wanted to become a free state, (1) California a free state, (2) Slave trade abolished in Washington D.C., (3) stronger fugitive slave law, (4) slavery would not be limited in the Mexican Cession
FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT Citizens were now required to turn in all suspected runaway slaves, more Northerners became abolitionists
UNCLE TOM'S CABIN written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, it was a fictional story of a slave life, convinced many in the North of the evils of slavery
KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT allowed each territory's population to vote on whether to enter the U.s. as either a free or slave state (example of popular sovereignty)
JOHN BROWN radical abolitionist, led raids on pro-slavery towns in Kansas and the raid on Harper's Ferry
"BLEEDING KANSAS" period before the vote on slavery in Kansas, characterized by violence by both pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups
RAID ON HARPER'S FERRY led by Brown, attempt to capture weapons in a federal arsenal (weapons storage) in order to supply guns to uprising slave, Brown and followers were captured and executed
REPUBLICAN PARTY formed from other anti-slavery parties, platform (basic beliefs) was based on limiting the spread of slavery into new territories, popular in the North, created in the 1850s
DRED SCOTT V. SANDFORD case in which Scott, a slave, sued for his freedom based on the fact he had lived on land that prohibited slavery, 1. the Supreme Court ruled that Scott had no right to sue because he was a slave, (2) Congress did not have the Constitutional right to lim
ABRAHAM LINCOLN 16th president, member of the republican party, his election spurred southern states to secede
LINCOLN- DOUGLAS DEBATES for 1858 Illinois senate race, defined the arguments on both sides of the slavery issue
DEMOCRATIC PARTY supported the spread of slavery in the 1850s, popular in the south
SECESSION to withdraw from a nation
CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA a union of states that secede from the United States prior to the Civil War
JEFFERSON DAVIS president of the Confederate States of America
BORDER STATES Missouri, Delaware, Kentucky and Maryland, these states had slavery but chose not to secede during the Civil War
Created by: Lsackett_06