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Vocabulary 15

Antebellum United States (Pre-Civil War)

TermDefinition
Sectionalism Division of a nation by regions,each region is more concerned with the issues of its region than the whole nation
Free Soil Party formed in the 1840's, was opposed to the expansion of slavery, led to creation of Republican Party
Henry Clay Created the Compromise of 1850, known as the "Great Compromiser"
Stephen A. Douglas Democratic senator from Illinois, ran against Lincoln for the Senate in 1858, creator of the Kansas-Nebraska act, ran against Lincoln for President in 1860
Compromise of 1850 Created when California wanted to become a free state. 1. California a free state 2. Slave trade abolished in Washington, D. C. 3. Stronger fugitive state law 4. slavery would not be limited in the Mexican Cession
Fugitive Slave Act Citizens were now required to turn in all suspected runaway slaves, more Northerners became abolitions
Uncle Tom's Cabin Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, it was a fictional story of slave life, convinced many in the North of the evils of slavery
Kansas-Nebraska Act Allowed each territory's population to vote on whether to enter the U. S. as either a free or slave state
John Brown Radical abolitionists, led raid on pro-slavery town in Kansas and the raid on Harper's Ferry
Bleeding Kansas Period before the vote in Kansas, characterized by violence by pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups
Raid on Harper's Ferry Led by John Brown, attempt to capture weapons in a federal arsenal in order to supply guns to uprising slaves, Brown and followers were captured and executed
Republican Party Formed from other anti-slavery parties, platform (basic beliefs) was based on limiting the spread of slavery into new territories, popular in the North, created in the 1850's
Dred Scott v. Sandford Supreme Court case in which Scott, a slave, sued for his freedom based on the fact he had lived in a territory that prohibited slavery
Abraham Licoln 16th President of the United States, member of the Republican Party, his election spurred southern states to secede
Lincoln-Douglas Debates For 1858 Illinois Senate race, defined the arguments on both sides of the slavery issue
Democratic Party Supported the spread of slavery in the 1850's, popular in the South
Secession To withdraw from a nation
Confederate States of America A union of the states that secede from the United States prior to the Civil War
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America
Border States Missouri, Delaware, Kentucky, and Maryland, these states had slavery but chose to not secede during the Civil War
Created by: 0001074370