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Civil Rights Craig

Civil Rights Movement Brainpops

TermDefinition
Racism Deeply rooted prejudice which may be expressed in the idea that one race is superior to another. can take the form of private acts of racial discrimination or repression; or laws which segregate
Civil Rights The rights each person has as a citizen. The government can’t take them away. Most of our civil rights are in the Bill of Rights.
Segregate Separating one group of people from another group of people.
Integrate Removing all barriers and placing all groups of people together.
Jim Crow Laws Thousands of state and local laws which were passed by southern states to keep Blacks separated and in an inferior position.
Poll Tax fee charged to voters. A method used to keep poor Blacks from voting.
Literacy Tests Tests were given to people who were registering to vote. These were often unfair to Blacks.
Black Muslims first started in Detroit in 1930 by Mr. Farrad Mohammad, grown to national prominence under the leadership of Elijah Muhammad believe that the only way for blacks to solve their problems is through separate government
Black Panther Party organized in 1965, after riots in Los Angeles, by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton. The original purpose was to organize armed patrols to follow police and intervene if they got out of line.
CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) a national interracial organization centered in New York that played a large role in organizing and advising protest demonstrations. nonviolence philosophy.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People this organization is the oldest of its kind. Their philosophy is that social change can be brought about by educating the public and by taking action through the courts. Though educated upper class blacks run the organization, it speaks for all blacks.
National Urban League a moderate organization that operates primarily in the cities and uses the courts to achieve equality for blacks.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference formed in 1957 to promote nonviolent direct action anyway it could. Based in Atlanta, members would travel to any city requesting help to set up sit-ins, boycotts, etc.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee organized in 1960 to coordinate protest sit-ins, it consisted of a hard core of militant students. The organization also initiated protests and registered voters in Mississippi.
Stokely Carmichael militant leader of the SNCC. He popularized the term “Black Power” in a march in June 1966. He was expelled from SNCC because of his membership in the Black Panthers
James Farmer founded CORE in Chicago in 1942, participated in sit-ins and freedom rides and was appointed by Nixon as assistant secretary of health, education, and welfare. He broke from CORE in 1966 because he did not like the increased emphasis on separatism.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr head of the SCLC. Influenced by Jesus and Gandhi, he believed in nonviolent direct resistance as the way to achieve black rights. He organized the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the 1963 march on Washington.
Elijah Muhammed was leader of the Black Muslims since 1930. He founded his first temple in Detroit in 1931. After serving four years in jail for draft dodging in World War II, he began to recruit followers By 1959 he had fifty temples in over twenty-two states.
Bobby Seale was national chairman and co-founder of the Black Panthers. They appealed to those blacks who had experienced police brutality.
Roy Wilkins head of the NAACP and a moderate. He spoke against violence and supported the use of troops to quell riots. Although criticized by militants in the black movement, he had enough influence and respect to get things done
Sit ins started on February 1, 1960 when four college students walked into a Woolworth’s in Greensboro, North Carolina and were refused service, they sat down and refused to move.
Freedom Rides in 1961, CORE organized a “Freedom Ride”—a bus trip to NOLA a mob attacked one bus, destroying it with an bomb. They passengers barely escaped. They other bus continued to Birmingham where the passengers were beaten when they stepped off.
Rioting many cities across the country became battlefields for frustrated blacks. One of the worst riots took place in Watts, a Los Angeles ghetto.
Bus Boycott the blacks of Montgomery who, under the leadership of Martin Luther King, Jr., boycotted Montgomery busses for 381 days until their demands were met.
segregation to separate
SNCC Student Nonviolent Cordinating Committee
SCLC Southern Christian Leadership Conference, churches link together to inform blacks about changes in the Civil Rights Movement, led by MLK Jr., was a success
Fifteenth Amendment Specifically enfranchised newly-freed male slaves in the right to vote, excluded females.
Discrimination act of prejudice and/or racism
Freedom Summer Freedom schools and voters registration were main focus, violence made AAs more radical, SNCC, CORE and SCLC united to form COFO to coordinate activities in mississippi, murder of 3 men helped win sympathy for Civil Rights
Thurgood Marshall head of NAACP legal team, attorney for Brown vs. Board of Education, first African American Supreme Court Justice
Integration the process of uniting or bringing together different ethnic groups
Brown vs. Board Of Education 1954-desegregation of schools
de facto discrimination Racial discrimination that results from practice rather than the law
Mockingbird in the book To Kill a Mockingbird this is seen as innocent and harmless
Robinson Jackie ___ was the first African American baseball player to play in the white MLB; he was smart, talented, and resilient
Rickey Branch ____ owner of Dodgers who recruited Jackie Robinson
Eleanor ____ Roosevelt was a Social Worker, married to FDR, an activist, teacher for the poor, worked to stop unsafe job conditions, and worked with the United Nations to establish wold peace
Voters The League of Women ______ worked to help women utilize their right to vote; Eleanor Roosevelt worked on this league.
suffrage the right to vote
Created by: scraig29