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Forming A New Govt.

Mr Edholm

QuestionAnswer
Articles of Confederation The first plan of government for the United States in effect from 1781-1789. it gave more power to the states than to the central government
ratify to officially approve
legislative branch the part of the government that passes laws
executive branch The part of the government, headed by the president, that carries out the laws
judicial branch The part of the government that decides the meaning of laws
inflation An economic condition in which prices rise very quickly
Shays Rebellion a revolt of Massachusetts Farmers against high state taxes lead by Daniel Shays
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 a federal order that divided the Northwest Territory into smaller territories and created a plan for how the territories could become states
delegates A person chosen to represent others
Constitutional Convention A meeting of delegates who met in Philadelphia Pennsylvania in 1787 and replaced the Articles of Confederation with the Constitution.
Virginia plan a proposal during the Constitiutional Convention that congress be given greater power over the states and Congress than small states
New Jersey Plan a proposal during the constitutional convention that each state should have the same number of representatives in congress
compromise a settlement of a disagreement in which each side agrees to give up part of its demands
Great Compromise An agreement at the constitutional convention to create a congress with two houses
Three Fifths Compromise an agreement made at the constitutional convention that only 3/5ths of the slaves in a state would be counted for representation and tax purposes
Preamble the introduction of the constitution beginning with "We the People of the United States"
Reserved powers The powers in the constitution that are left to the individual states
Separation of powers The division of power among the three branches of the federal government under the constitution
Checks and balances a system set up by the constitution that gives each branch of government to check or limit the power of the other branches
Veto the power of the president to reject a bill passed by Congress
James Madison One of the main authors of the constitution
Alexander Hamilton He was a delegate to the constitutional convention and leader of the Federalists. He also served as the first secretary of the treasury
Federalist the supporter of a strong national government and in favor of adopting of the constitution
Federal refers to the national government
Anti-Federalist a person opposed to the new US Constitution and its emphasis on a strong national government
The Federalist A series of essay's in 1787 and 1788 of James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay
Amendment a change or addition to the constitution
Bill of Rights The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution that which were ratified in 1791
Created by: CudaKing77
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