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Ch. 9 section 1

Important people, events and places

Election of 1800 1) Federalists - John Adams, Charles Pinckney 2) Republicans - Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr 3) letter writing campaign 4) Federalists said Jefferson was "godless" 5) Republicans said Adams favored the wealthy & would bring back the monarchy
Election Deadlock 1) Jefferson & Burr 73 electoral votes each 2) House of Representatives decides who is President 3)Federalists support Burr 4) voted 35 times ties each 5) Hamilton persuaded someone not to vote for Burr 6) Jefferson won
12th Amendment passed in 1803 so there would be no more ties in a presidential election again
Jefferson's Inauguration 1) dressed in everyday clothes 2) wanted a wise and frugal government 3) supported states' governments in all their rights 4) believed large federal government threatened liberties 5) wanted to reduce the power & size of federal government
Jefferson's Presidency - cutting costs 1) scaled down military expenses 2) repealed internal & whiskey tax 3) laid off government workers
Jefferson's Presidency 1) reduced the national debt 2) money came fro m customs duties 3) money came from selling western lands
Judiciary Act of 1801 Set up regional courts with 16 judges & other judicial officials
Judiciary Act of 1801 - playing politics 1) Adams made hundreds of appointments to the positions 2) John Marshall Chief Justice 3)Adams & Marshall worked 24/7 to process appointments 4) appointments official with commission papers only 5) Jefferson told Madison not to deliver papers
William Marbury 1) did not get his papers 2) took case to Supreme Court 3) Marbury v. Madison 4) Marshall turned down Marbury's claim 5) said the court did not have the power to decide according to the Constitution
Three principles of Judicial Review 1) Constitution is the supreme law of the land 2) Constitution must be followed when there is conflict with another law 3) The Judicial Branch must uphold the Constitution and cancel un- constitutional laws
John Marshall Broadened federal power
McCulloch v. Maryland Congress is allowed to do more than the Constitution states
Gibbons v. Ogden Federal law takes precedence over state law in interstate transportation
Created by: mshellabarger