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Articles of confeder

Magna Carta an English document that limited the power of the monarch
constitution a set of basic principles and laws that states the powers and duties of the government
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom a law that included Thomas Jefferson’s ideas granting religious freedom
suffrage voting rights
Articles of Confederation the new national constitution, which made a new Confederation Congress the national government
ratification official approval of the Articles of Confederation by the states
Land Ordinance of 1785 a law that set up a system for surveying land and dividing the Northwest Territory
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 a law that established the Northwest Territory and formed a political system for the region
Northwest Territory a territory including Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin
Declaration of Independence the document that formally announced the colonies’ break from Great Britain
Loyalists colonists, sometimes called Tories, who remained loyal to Britain
Common Sense a 47-page pamphlet that argued against British rule over America
Comte de Rochambeau commander of 4,000 French troops that aided the Patriot forces at the Battle of Yorktown
Battle of Yorktown the last major battle of the American Revolution
Treaty of Paris of 1783 the peace agreement in which Great Britain recognized the independence of the United States
Virginia Plan a plan giving supreme power to the central government and creating a bicameral legislature made of two groups, or houses, of representatives
New Jersey Plan a plan creating a unicameral, or one-house, legislature
Great Compromise an agreement that gave each state one vote in the upper house of the legislature and a number of representatives based on its population in the lower house
Three-Fifths Compromise only three-fifths of a state’s slaves were counted when deciding representation in Congress
popular sovereignty the idea that political power belongs to the people
federalism the sharing of power between a central government and the states
legislative branch a Congress of two houses that proposes and passes laws
executive branch the president and the departments that help run the government
judicial branch a system of all the national courts
checks and balances a system that keeps any branch of government from becoming too powerful
federal system the government system that gives certain powers to the federal government
impeach vote to bring charges of serious crimes against a president veto cancel
executive orders commands from the president that have the power of law
pardons orders from the president that grant freedom from punishment
Thurgood Marshall the first African American Supreme Court Justice, appointed in 1967
majority rule the idea that the greatest number of people in a society can make policies for everyone
petition a request made of the government
search warrant an order authorities must get before they search someone’s property
due process a rule that the law must be fairly applied indict formally accuse
double jeopardy a rule that says a person cannot be tried for the same crime more than once
eminent domain the government’s power to take personal property to benefit the public
Guerrilla warfare swift hit and run attacks
Created by: mohamedelhussien
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