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B review pathology

board review for pathology

Ankylosing spondylitis autoimmune disease, HLA B-27
First group of muscles involved in Duchenne muscular dystrophy? pelvic girdle
Vitamin K deficiency bruising and bleeding
Reiter's syndrome arthritis, Urthritis, conjunctivitis and skin rash
Fissures in articular cartilage and decreased proteoglycan within the matrix osteoarthritis
deficiency of vitamin B12 results in this anemia megaloblastic anemia
Chronic rheumatoid arthritis and splenomegaly Felty's syndrome
Elephantiasis obstruction of draining lymphatics
Multiple myeloma malignant plasma cells, Bence Jones protein, M spike
AIDS CD4 (T helper cells)
Pyogenic osteomyelitis affects which part of the bone metaphysis
most common cause of pyogenic osteomyelitis Staph. aureus
Pathological lesions in basal ganglia Parkinson, Huntington, Wilson
Excess uric acid gout
monosodium ureate crystals gout, tophi
Hashimoto's disease hypothyroidism, autoimmune
Most common malignant bone tumor metastatic tumors
most common primary malignant bone tumors osteosarcoma
Most common location for osteosarcoma metaphysis of long bones around knee joint
Most common benign tumor in the uterus leiomyoma
Type of necrosis most common in CNS liquefactive
Kernicterus unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia reaching the basal ganglia of infants
Accumulation of glucocerebrosides in the cells Gaucher's disease
Both UMNL and LMNL occur in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Thiamin deficiency causes dry and wet beriberi
Hemophilia A deficiency of antihemophilic globulin (factor 8)
Hemophilia B deficiency of Christmas factor (factor 9)
Movement of leukocytes in response to concentration gradient of chemokines chemotaxis
Smoking is a major cause of cancer lung, thromboangitis obliterans, chronic bronchitis
Implicated in cancer cervix, vagina, and vulva Human papilloma virus (types 16 & 18)
Signs in Kwashiorkor edema, flaky-paint skin, retardation of growth, hepatomegaly
Marasmus is caused by deficiency of calories (CHO and lipids)
T lymphocyte that helps in function of B lymphocyte CD4
Most important leukocyte in acute inflammation neutrophils
Example of granulomatous inflammation TB, leprosy, syphilis, Sarcoidosis
Lesions in tertiary stage of syphilis gumma, cardiovascular syphilis (aneurysm, aortic regurge) and neurosyphilis (meningovascular syphilis, paresis, tabes dorsalis)
Important factor in the deline of cervical cancer? routine PAP smears
Decreased blood proteins edema (decreased colloidal OP)
Arachnodactayly, subluxation of the lens, cardiac defects and hyperextensibility of the joints, aortic aneurysm Marfan's syndrome
Albers Shoenberg disease marble bone disease, defective function of osteoclast
Clinical features of Parkinson disease is related to extrapyramidal system (deficiency of dopamine secreted by pigmented neurons in substania nigra of midbrain)
Familial hypercholesterolemia is considered as most common autosomal dominant disease in USA (cholesterol receptors on liver cells)
A 25 year old female represents by weakness o extraocular muscles myasthenia gravis
Most common symptom in esophageal cancer dysphagia
Created by: 827753675
Popular Chiropractic sets




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