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Imperial China Vocab

Dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family.
Yuan Dynasty was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Song Dynasty was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279. It succeeded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, and was followed by the Yuan dynasty.
Tang Dynasty was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Ming Dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China for 276 years following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
missionaries a person sent on a religious mission, especially one sent to promote Christianity in a foreign country.
Zheng He was a Hui court eunuch, mariner, explorer, diplomat, and fleet admiral during China's early Ming dynasty.
Cultural Diffusion how a religion or culture spreads throughout the world.
ethnocentism is judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture.
Mongols are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Marco Polo was a Venetian merchant traveler.
Maritime Trade is the broad overarching subject that includes fishing, whaling, international maritime law.
Trade Routes one of the sea-lanes ordinarily used by merchant ships.
Silk Road was a network of trade routes, formally established during the Han Dynasty of China, which linked the regions of the ancient world in commerce.
Urbanization is the process where an increasing percentage of a population lives in cities and suburbs.
Commerce/trade an interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale between different countries.
Stable food supply means there is enough food for all of the people all the time.
Agriculture science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.
Foreigners a person born in or coming from a country other than one's own.
Traditional economy is an original economic system in which traditions, customs, and beliefs shape the goods and the services the economy produces, as well as the rules and manner of their distribution.
Scholar-officals were civil servants appointed by the emperor of China to perform day-to-day governance.
Meritocracy government or the holding of power by people selected on the basis of their ability.
Imperial of or relating to an empire.
Confucius a Chinese philosopher of the sixth century b.c.; the founder of Confucianism.
Aristocracy the highest class in certain societies, especially those holding hereditary titles or offices.
Bureaucracy a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
Civil Service Exams are examinations implemented in various countries for recruitment and admission to the civil service.
Market economy
Mixed economy
Command economy
Mandate of Heaven
Created by: aransberger986
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