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4th Gr SocStu

Unit 3 - Ohio Statehood

TermDefinition
democracy a form of government in which the people rule by making decisions themselves
1803 Ohio becomes a state
1861 American Civil War begins
1910 The Great Migration Begins
1959 The Ohio Civil Rights Act is passed
2015 Total population of Ohio is 11,536,504.
Tecumseh (1768-1813) A Shawnee leader who worked to unite Native Americans; Fought for British and died during the War of 1812
Mary Ann Bickerdyke (1817-1901) Born near Mount Vernon, Ohio, and studied at Oberlin College
John Parker (1827 - 1900) Bought his freedom from slavery and moved to Ripley, Ohio in 1853. Helped many others escape slavery through the Underground Railroad in Ohio.
Thomas Edison (1847 - 1931) Invented the electric lightbulb; Invented more than a thousand other items, many of which are still used today
Wilbur (1867 - 1912) & Orville (1871 - 1948) Wright The two brother from Dayton Ohio that made the first successful powered airplane flight; Their airplane, the Kitty Hawk, made its first flight in 1903
Hallie Quinn Brown (1850 - 1949) Born to former slave parents. Studied and taught at Wilberforce University in Ohio. Speaker, writer and early activist for civil and and women's rights.
Garrett Morgan (1877-1963) Patented the first traffic signal in 1923. Invented many other useful things, such as the gas mask and sewing machine attachment
canal a waterway made by people
abolitionist a person who wanted to end slavery
secede to withdraw to form a new country
invention something made for the first time
patent a government award of the right to buy or sell an invention
stock a share of ownership in a company
recycle to use again
civil rights the rights and freedoms given by the Constitution to all U.S. citizens
census official population count the number of people living in an area
constitution a written plan of government
confederation a large group made of smaller groups that work together for the same goals
reservations land set aside by the government for use by Native Americans
Migration the movement of people from one place to live in another place
Immigration the movement of people from one country to live in another.
How did better transportation change life in Ohio? The National Road and canals made it easier for farmers to transport their goods to other places.
How did the the Battle of Tippecanoe affect people in Ohio? The Native Americans lost most of the land and the settlers moved to Ohio.
Write a diary entry about the building of the National Road during the 1830s. pg 128-129
plantations huge farms that grow crops such as cotton, rice and sugarcane
slave states states that allowed slavery
free states States where slavery was against the law, most Northern states including Ohio
abolitionists people who wanted the government to abolish or end slavery
How did the issue of slavery divide the United States during the mid-1800s? Southern States said that they needed the slaves to do the work on the plantations
Created by: ymanosaps