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Chapter 21


political machines These are powerful organizations that influenced the city and county politics in the late 1800s
William M (Boss) Tweed This New York City politician is known for his control of the corrupt political machine called the Tammany Ring
Muckrakers This term was coined for journalists who "raked up" and exposed corruption and problems of society.
Progressives This group of reformers worked to improve social and political problems of the late 1800s
Capitalism In this economic system, private businesses run most industries.
socialism In this economic system, the government owns and operates a country's means of production.
conservation This is the planned management of natural resources to prevent their destruction.
16th Amendment This change to the constitution gave congress the power to collect income taxes.
17th Amendment This change to the constitution gave people the power to elect senators.
18th Amendment This change to the constitution made it illegal to make, sell or import alcohol.
19th Amendment This change to the constitution gave women the right to vote.
Alice Paul Social reformer, suffragist, and activist, founder of the National Women's Party (NWP)
W. E. Du Bois Activist who worker towards equality for African Americans and helped found the NAACP
Upton Sinclair Muckracker who wrote The Jungle and exposed the horrible working conditions and unsanitary conditions in the mat packing plants
Woodrow Wilson 28th president - 17th, 18th, and 19th Amendments were passed during his presidency- Child labor laws passed
Theodore Roosevelt 26th President- organized Rough Riders who fought in Spanish American War- Acquired Panama Canal
Pure Food and Drug Act A law that set regulatory standards for industries involved in preparing food
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire A factory fire that killed almost 150 people - eventually it led to new safety laws
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) founded in 1909 by Dubois to bring attention to racial injustices
National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) An organization founded by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony that worked to obtain the vote for women
Workers Compensation Laws Laws that gave workers compensation if they were injured at work
Women's Suffrage the struggle to get women the right to vote
Created by: Sandberg



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