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***Pulju OGT study cards - HISTORY D

Nationalism Extreme national pride led to plans for expansion and a willingness to fight.
Imperialism Western nations competed for the power and wealth that the colonies in Asia and Africa brought to them, which led to anger and grudges among Western nations.
Militarism Nations armed themselves, making an armed conflict quicker to start with more lethal results.
Systems of alliances Nations signed mutual defense agreements with some of their neighbors; when one member fought , they all fought
League of Nations An international organization was formed to allow nations to discuss problems and prevent war; the U.S. did not join.
Depression A worldwide depression started in the decade after the end of the war.
Disarmament Losing nations were forced to disarm; they resented it and defied the order.
Dictators after the war and during the Depression strong leaders(for example, Adolph Hitler) gained power in many nations.
nationalism idea that your national culture and interests are superior to any other
militarism Glorifying military power and keeping an army always ready for war.
Allied Powers Great Britain, France, Russia
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
"Spark" that started WWI Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
U-boats German weapon that threatened US and allied ships
Germany Treaty of Versailles was very harsh for this country
neutral US position at the start of WWI and WWII
reparations payment for damages after a war
Hitler WWII Leader of Germany
Mussolini WWII leader of Italy
Mein Kampf, "My Struggle" Book written by Hitler
Poland Hitler's invasion of this country started WWII
USA and Soviet Union Super powers of the Cold War After WWII
Democracy rule by the people
Communism all rule and ownership by the government
Iron Curtain Europe's division into democratic western and communistic eastern Europe.
containment policy Efforts to stop the spread of communism
Marshall Plan giving money to European countries to help boost economies for democracies
NATO Alliance created to protect the west from communism
Berlin Wall built to keep people from leaving east Germany
Cuba became communist under Castro; near USA
nuclear war Cuban Missile Crisis brought us close to this
Aggression/Expansion Both Germany and Japan sought to take control of other countries by force and intimidation.
Appeasement Britain chose to give in to (appease) Hitler's conquest of Czechoslovakia and Austria.
Revenge Germany sought revenge against the Allies for the harsh terms of surrender after WW I.
Cost in deaths/dollars 55 million people killed. European nations and Japan sustained millions of dollars in damage.
Losing Nations Germany and Japan were defeated and placed under Allied control.
Marshall Plan The U.S. rebuilt Germany and Europe and also rebuilt Japan under the leadership of General Douglas Mac Arthur.
United Nations The U.N. was formed to prevent future wars and aggression.
Israel The state of Israel was formed as a homeland for Jews.
Name the four European causes of war Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, Alliance system
Where was the assassination that started World War One? Who was assassinated? Bosnia;Archduke Franz Ferdinand
What part or the war caused starvation in Germany? The British Blockade
How did the U.S. get past the German U-boats on the way to Europe? Convoy system
What was the purpose of the Selective Service Act? To meet the governments need for more fighthing power
Name all new weapons used in WWI? machine guns, airplanes, Posion gas, grenades, subs, and tanks
What major country suffered the fewest casualties during World War 1? United States
What major country suffered the most casualities during World War 1? Russia
Name 4 countries that were known as the "Big Four" at the peace treaty meetings. France, U.S., Great Britain, Italy Allies
Who was against Wilson's 14 points plan for peace? U.S. Senate
Why didn't the Senate like the idea of joining the Leauge of Nations? Isolationsim- threatened US foreign policy by being dragged into another foreign war
Name the policy we had at the beginning of the war Neutrality
Nationalism Devotion to interests, culture, of ones nation
Militarism Devolpment of armed forces, their use in diplamacy
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hugary, Ottoman Empire
What caused the fighting between Autria-Hungary and Serbia to become a World war? Secret Alliiances
Selective Service Act Men register randomly chosen for service
What major gain did women get after WWI The right to vote-19th ammendment
The biggest problem with the Treaty of Versailles It humiliated Germany and made it so there was no way they could repay for the war damages
How did the Espionage and Sedection Acts affect free speech? did not allow people to talk or write about the war or you could be put in jail
Three members of the Triple Entente France, Britian and Russia
The 3 major members of the Central Powers Germany, Austir-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
dictator an absolute or total ruler who seizes control of the gov't
fascism a political gov't that puts the needs of the nation above the needs of an individual
communism promised a society in which property would be shard be everyone
police state a country in which the gov't has total control over people and uses secret police to find and punish people who rebel or protest
aggression warlike action such as an invasion or attack
genocide the planned killing of a race of people
holocost the Nazi killing of the Jewish people in WWII
concentration camp a prision where the enemies of the German gov't were gathered involuntarily
crematoriun ovens used to burn the bodies of death camp victams
black shirts the secret police or Nazi political police
getto an enclosed and restricted area of a city in which Jews were required to live
SS Hitler's personal guards, also known as the Black Shirts
Poland Auschwitz was the largest concentration camp in this country
Dachau the first concentration camp established in Munich in 1933
resistance underground organization engaged in a struggle for liberation
David the six pointed star used as a symbol Germans forced Jews to wear for indentification
Gestapo elite SS spies
Cold War War without a fight between Russia & U.S. to see who could reach the moon and build up nuclear weapons
Civil Rights Movement movement to ensure all Americans had basic everyday rights
Federal Reserve manages nation's economy by raising( to get people to save) and lower (to get people to spend)
New Deal FDR's plan to combat the great depression
Treaty of Versailles ended WWI -put all the blame on Germany
Civil disobedience legal form of protest to bring about government change
Red Scare fear of the spread of communism
Berlin wall imaginary line in Europe that separates the communist countries
Marshall Plan U.S. program to rebuild Europe after WWII
Truman doctrine policy to help support free people around the world
1993 NAFTA this organization worked for free trade around the world, western hemishpere
to work in factories the reason that farmers moved to cities from the farms
Bay of Pigs U.S. invasion of Cuba to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro
Failed What happened to the invasion of Cuba known as the Bay of Pigs
Used oil to pay back debts In 1970 Mexico's increased prosperity was a result of this
Cuban-Missle Crisis Soviet Union planted missles in Cuba pointed at the US; the US had missles in Turkey pointed at the Soviet Union
Fidel Castro Young lawyer; in 1956 he a began a Guerilla movement against Bastia. – becomes the leader of communist cuba
John F. Kennedy US president who adopted a dymanic foreign policy to impress the Soviet Union with American strength
Soviet Union the country that Castro turned to for help
Containment the post- World War II policy of the US to limit communist espansion to areas already controlled by the Soviet Union
Pearl Harbor Japan's attack of U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on Dec. 7, 1941 prompted the U.S. to enter WW II.
Assassinated Killing or murdering someone by surprise, especially a political leader or other public figure.
Heir someone who inherits the property, position, or title of another simply because he or she is related to that person.
Ottoman Empire an area stretching from present day Turkey to southern Europe and from the Middle East to North Africa.
continent one of the 7 large land masses in the world
nationalism loyalty to one's own nation or country; especially putting one nation above all others, with major emphasis on promotion of its culture and interests
Cold War a term used to refer to the stare of tension an hostility between the US and the soviet Union for four decades after WWII
totalitarian a political system in which the state, or the governing branch of the state, holds absolute authority, not allowing any opposition group
militarism the principle or policy of maintaining a large military establishment
reparations compensation (money) payable by a defeated country to another country for loss suffered during or as a result of war
appeasement policy of giving into an aggressor's demands in order to keep the peace
containment a policy aimed at controlling the spread of communism around the world
Cold War a state of political tension and military rivalry between nations that stops short of full-scale war
communism theoretical economic system characterized by the collective ownership of property and by the organization of labor for the common advantage of all members
Treaty of Versailles Treaty signed after WWI imposing reparations on Germany. They also took full blame for the war.
conscientious objector refusal on moral or religious grounds to bear arms in a military conflict or to serve in the armed forces
United Nations an international organization composed of most of the countries of the world; it was founded in 1945 to promote peace, security, and economic development – This new organization was an upgrade form of the League of nations
Korean War Fought in the 1950's by the U.S. to contain communism.
Vietnam War Fought in the 1960's and 1970's by the U.S. to contain communism.
Cold War A time of political tension and military rivalry between the U.S. and the Soviet Union following WW II.
Created by: mshons