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Government Test 3

Chapter 8 Bold Print Terms

TermDefinition
Political Party An organization that sponsors candidates for political office under the organization's name.
Political System A set of interrelated institutions that link people with government.
Nomination Designation as an official candidate of a political party.
Electoral College A body of electors chosen by voters to cast ballots for president and vice president.
Caucus A closed meeting of the members of a political party to decide questions of a policy and the selection of candidates for office.
Party Platform The statement of policies of a national political party.
Electoral Realignment The change in voting pattern that occurs after a critical election.
Electoral Dealignment A lessening of the importance of party loyalties in voting decisions.
Proportional Representation The system by which legislative seats are awarded to a party in proportional to the vote that party wins in an election.
National Committee A committee of a political party composed of party chairpersons and party officials from every state.
Congressional Campaign Committee An organization maintained by a political party to raise funds to support its own candidates in congressional elections.
Responsible Party (Government) A set of principles formalizing the ideal role of parties in a majoritarian democracy.
National Convention A gathering of delegates of a single political party from across the country to choose candidates for president and vice president and to adopt a party platform.
Critical Election An election that produces a sharp change in the existing pattern of party loyalties around groups voters.
Two - Party System A political system in which two major political parties compete fro control of the government. Candidates from a third party have little chance of winning office.
Majority Representation The system by which one office, contested by two or more candidates, is won by the single candidate who collects the most votes.
Party Identification A voters sense of psychological attachment to a party.
Party Conferences A meeting to select a party leaders and decide committee assignments, held at the beginning of a session of Congress by republicans or Democrats in each chamber.
Party Machine A centralized party organization that dominates local politics by controlling elections.
Created by: beth96