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Chapter 29

Sections 1-4

What countries were in the Triple Alliance? Great Britain, France, and Russia.
What countries were in the Triple Entente? Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.
Who was Kaiser Wilhelm II? Ruler of Germany in the 1890s.
What is militarism? A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war.
What single event began the start of World War I? The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
What was the dual alliance? Alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary
What were the Central Powers? The nations of Germany and Austria-Hungary, along with the other nations that fought on their side.
What was the "deadlock region" in northern France? The Western Front.
What is a form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battle-field? Trench Warfare.
What was the Schlieffen Plan? Germany’s military plan at the outbreak of World War I, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia.
What was the Eastern Front? The region along the German-Russian border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
What are some characteristics of the conditions in trench warfare? Closed in, tight, dirty, squeezed in.
Where did the Allies attack in the Gallipoli campaign? (Other than Gallipoli Peninsula) Dardanelles
What was the goal of the Gallipoli campaign? To establish a supply line to Russia.
Why did the U.S. join the war? It intercepted Arthur Zimmermann's letter to Mexico promising to help it regain land from the U.S.
What is unrestricted submarine warfare? The use of sub­ marines to sink without warning any ship (including neutral ships and unarmed passenger liners) found in an enemy’s waters.
How did women help in the war? They worked in factories, offices, shops, and hospitals; supplied troops with resources
How many soldiers were killed in World War I? About 8.5 million.
What is rationing? A system of total war where people could only buy small amounts of items also needed for the war effort.
Who were the men in the Big Four? Woodrow Wilson of the United States, Georges Clemenceau of France, David Lloyd George of Great Britain, and Vittorio Orlando of Italy.
What was the Treaty of Versailles? The peace treaty signed by Germany and the Allied powers after World War I.
What were the Fourteen Points? A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
What was the League of Nations? An international association formed after World War I with the goal of keeping peace among Nations.
What major countries were not represented in the Big Four? Russia (still recovering from WW1) and Germany and its allies.
What is self determination? The freedom of a people to decide under what form of government they wish to live.
Created by: cassandra.