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Causes to Civil War

Reformers and Causes/Events that Led to the Civil War VA SOL 8d, 9a, 9b

TermDefinition
abolitionist a person who advocates/speaks out for the immediate abolition/ending of slavery.
The Compromise of 1850 California entered the Union as a free state. Southwest territories would decide the slavery issue for themselves. Slave trade banned in Washington D.C.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton a pioneer in the women's suffrage movement, she helped organize the first women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848.
Fort Sumter, 1861 Confederate forces open fired on a fort in Charleston Harbor, SC, marking the beginning of the Civil War
Frederick Douglass wrote the North Star newspaper and worked for rights for African Americans and women to better their lives.
Fugitive Slave Law required that northern states forcibly return escaped slaves to their owners.
Harriet Beecher Stowe abolitionist; author of Uncle Tom's Cabin-a fictional novel published in 1852 that showed the brutality of slavery.
Harriet Tubman led hundreds of enslaved African Americans to freedom along the Underground Railroad.
Isabel Sojourner Truth a former enslaved African American, was a nationally known advocate for justice and equality.
Issues that Divided the Nation slavery, cultural, economic, and constitutional
Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854 allowed the residents in these territories to vote on the slavery issue (popular sovereignty).
Missouri Compromise, 1820 Missouri entered the Union as a slave state; Maine entered the Union as a free state.
popular sovereignty people vote to make a decision about an issue.
rural society people live in small villages, on farms, or on large plantations.
secede to leave or separate from something.
sectionalism loyalty to one's own region of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole.
states' rights the belief of the South that state government was supreme, and states could declare national laws illegal.
suffragist a person who advocates/speaks out for women's rights.
Susan B. Anthony a Quaker; an outspoken advocate for women's rights.
tariff a tax placed on goods imported from other countries
Underground Railroad a system of escape routes for enslaved African Americans leading to freedom in the North and Canada.
urban society people live mostly in cities and towns and work outside of their homes in factories and other businesses.
William Lloyd Garrison wrote the Liberator newspaper and worked for the immediate emancipation of all enslaved African Americans.
Created by: ekdixon
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