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Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian U.S. Hist. "Civil War" test flashcards 2019

List two (2) technological innovations/ inventions that were created during the Civil War. 1.) The "triage system" of sorting wounded soldiers into categories according to the severity of their wounds; 2.) Use of mobile surgical hospitals near battlefields (these were the first Mobile Army Surgical Hospitals, or MASH, units).
Which Union officer was selected by President Lincoln to conduct the "March to the Sea" in an attempt to bring a quick end to the Civil War? General William T. Sherman was selected for this.
List two (2) things that we learned about the Battle of Gettysburg. 1.) One reason that the Union "won" this battle was because they held the high ground on Cemetery Ridge; 2.) General Lee tried to resign his commission as a Confederate officer after losing this battle, but Confederate President Jefferson Davis refused.
Why was the Battle of Antietam "crucial to the Union victory"? 1.) Britain was going to intervene and mediate between the North & South if the South had won this battle; 2.) Britain planned to recognize the Confederacy (i.e. the South) as a separate government if the South had won this battle.
What were "revenue cutters"? These were small, lightly armed boats used by government customs agents to apprehend merchant ships that were violating customs laws. The Confederacy used these boats during the Civil War due to its lack of a navy.
Which state "slipped into guerilla warfare" between groups such as William Quantrill's Raiders (Confederate) & the "Jayhawkers" (Union). Missouri.
What new technological innovation improved both the accuracy and range of muskets during the Civil War? The introduction of "rifling" in musket barrels.
What was the "March to the Sea"? This was the name given to General William T. Sherman's path of destruction he left behind that stretched from Atlanta, Georgia to Savannah, Georgia.
What does the word "rifled" mean? Having a series of spiral grooves inside the barrel of a fun that cause the projectile to spin, giving it greater ranger and accuracy.
The war exacted a tremendous emotional toll on everyone, even those who escaped injury. Why? Many soldiers were scarred from the sights of the many new forms of death and mutilation.
What was the most notorious of the Civil War prison camps? Andersonville Prison.
What is typhoid fever? An infectious disease transmitted through contact with contaminated water, milk, or food; causes severe internal distress & high fever.
What was a contributing factor to the war? Confederate officials exchange African American prisoners of war.
What is a "battery"? An Army artillery unit, usually supplied with heavy guns.
What is Fort Sumter? This is the Union fort in South Carolina where the first shots of the Civil War were fired.
What position did President Lincoln offer Robert E. Lee and what was his response? Offered Lee Field Command of the Union Army, but he refused deciding to serve his native state, Virginia, instead.
What led many Southern states to join the Confederacy? Lincoln's push for the mobilization of the militia and requests for troops.
What does the term "requisitioned" mean? "Demand for military use."
Why was life different for Southern women vs. Northern women during the Civil War? Nearly all of the Civil War battles were fought in the South, which resulted in crop damage and loss of property. This meant that Southern women experienced more of the war "1st hand".
What were "Black Codes"? These were laws passed in the South just after the Civil War aimed at controlling freedmen and enabling plantation owners to exploit African American workers.
Where did Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrender? He did this at the court house in Appamatox, Virginia.
When did the Civil War end? It ended in April, 1865.
What was the Emancipation Proclamation? This was a law passed by President Lincoln that abolished slavery "in all states still in rebellion after January 1, 1863.
What was the "Anaconda Plan"? This was the name for the Union's (North's) plan for winning the war when it began. They wanted to cut off the South's supply lines so that they would run out of resources & surrender.
What does the term "attrition" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the wearing down of one side by the other through exhaustion of soldiers and resources".
What does the term "martial law" mean/ refer to? This term means "military rule".
Who was the president of the Confederate States of America? Jefferson Davis held this office.
Which state was the first to secede from the Union? South Carolina was the first to do this.
List the names of the six (6) states that left the Union after the first state left. 1.) Mississippi, 2.) Florida, 3.) Alabama, 4.) Georgia, 5.) Louisiana, 6.) Texas.
What did the 13th Amendment do/ put in place once it was passed? This Amendment granted citizenship to all persons born (or naturalized) in the U.S. & stated that no state could deprive any person of life, liberty, or property "without due process of law".
What did the 14th Amendment do/ put in place once it was passed? This Amendment stated that the right to vote "shall not be denied . . . on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude".
How long does short - term memory last? This lasts less than 1 minute.
How long does something have to last before it distracts you from full concentration? Something only needs to last for 3 seconds in order to do this.
About how long does it take to get back to full concentration after you are distracted? It takes about 15 minutes to return to this after you are distracted.
How long does 1 sleep cycle last? Each one of these lasts for 90 minutes.
What is 1 way that you can tell if you are sleep deprived? One way to tell this is if you fall asleep within 5 minutes of going to bed.
Why is sleep so important to learning? This is important because your brain gets rid of information that it doesn't need to remember while you sleep, which "clears" your short term memory so you can learn new things the next day.
Why is it a bad idea to keep your cell phone in the room with you when you study? This is bad because studies show that your mind will wander & you will think about alerts, messages, and calls you might be missing. This will distract your attention & you won't be able to fully concentrate.
What did we learn in class related to "multitasking"? We learned that this is impossible. People who try to "multitask" are just rapidly switching their attention back and forth between two or more things.
Who was Clara Barton? She was a battlefield nurse during the Civil War. She went on to found the American Red Cross. (Video)
According to the video that we watched, what were two (2) ways that President Lincoln used technology to help the Union win the Civil War? 1.) He used the telegraph to communicate directly with generals during battles; 2.) He used railroads to quickly move troops and supplies where they were needed.
According to the video that we watched, what was "bromine"? This was a disinfectant that surgeons used to clean soldier's wounds. It drastically reduced the number of cases of gangrene after amputations.
What was the "Emancipation Proclamation"? This was a law passed by President Lincoln that freed all slaves "in states still in rebellion".
According to the video that we watched, why did so many freed slaves join the Union (northern) army? They did this because they began to view themselves as "an army of liberation" once they were freed.
According to the video that we watched, what two (2) chemicals were used to embalm soldiers who had died so their families could bury them "back home"? 1.) Zinc Chloride; 2.) Arsenic.
Created by: sticklerpjpII