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Court Terms


Lawsuit A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based upon a complaint by the plaintiff.
Accused A person formally charged with a crime but not yet tried for committing a crime.
Alledged Said to be true, but not yet proven to be true; until the trial is over, the crime may be called the "alleged crime"
Indictment The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial.
Pretrial Conference A meeting of the judges and lawyers to plan the trial.
Prosecute To charge someone with a crime.
Subpoena A court order requiring a witness to appear and give testimony.
Testimony Evidence presented orally by witnesses during a trial.
Transcript A written, word-for-word record of what was said, during a trial.
Warrant Court authorization to conduct a search or make an arrest.
Burden of Proof Degree of proof required. In criminal cases, prosecutors must prove a defendant's guilt "beyond a reasonable doubt".
Reasonable Doubt Proof of such a convincing character that you would be willing to rely and act upon it without hesitation in the most important of your own affairs.
Jury Foreman This will be the person in charge of the jury and the person who will read the verdict to the judges and the defense. Leader of the jury.
Jury Instructions A judge's directions to the jury before it begins deliberations regarding the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules that it must apply.
Jury Deliberation The act of a jury considering and discussing testimony and evidence for the purpose of reaching a conclusion to a court case.
Hung Jury A jury whose members cannot agree whether the accused is guilty or not; mistrial.
Verdict The decision of a trial jury.
Guilty A verdict by a jury that a person accused of a crime did commit it.
Innocent Free from guilt.
Evidence Information presented in testimony that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case in favor of one side or the other.
Admissable A term used to describe evidence that may be considered by a jury or judge in civil and criminal cases (evidence allowed).
In-admissable A term used to describe evidence that may not be considered by a jury or judge in civil and criminal cases (evidence NOT allowed).
Created by: cashman.zachary
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