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Ch. 11 Vocab

Sections 1-4

John Jacob Astor An American merchant who created one of the largest fur business
Mountain Men Fur traders and trappers
Oregon Trail A 2000 mile long trail which stretched from Missouri to Iowa
Santa Fe Trail Another important path west that led from Missouri to New Mexico
Mormons The members of Joseph Smith's church
Brigham Young After Smith's murder, he became head of the Mormon church
Father Miguel Hidalgo Y Costilla A Mexican priest who led a rebellion of about 80000 poor Indians and Mestizos
Empresarios Agents
Stephen F Austin A young agent who started a colony on the lower Colorado River
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna A general who suspended Mexico's republican constitution and turned his attention to the growing unrest in Texas
Alamo An abandoned mission near San Antonio that became an important battle site in the Texas Revolution
Battle of San Jacinto Texas captured Santa Anna and forced him to sign a treaty giving Texas its independence
Manifest Destiny Obvious fate to settle land all the way to the Pacific Ocean in order to spread democracy
James K Polk He was chosen by the Democratic party to oppose Henry Clay
Vaqueros Cowboys who managed the large herds of cattle and sheep
Californios The 3200 colonists who felt little connection to their faraway government
Bear Flag Revolt Americans declared California to be an independent nation
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo In February 1848, U.S. and Mexico signed this to officially end war and forced Mexico to turn over much of its northern territory of U.S.
Gadsden Purchase U.S. government paid Mexico $10 million, in exchange U.S. recieved southern parts of Arizona
John Sutter A Swiss immigrant who started a colony
Donner Party A group of western travelers who went to California but were stranded in the Sierra Nevada Mountains during winter
Forty Niners Gold seeking migrants to California
Prospect Search for gold
Placer Miners Used pans or other devices to wash gold nuggets out of loose rock and gravel
Created by: mjys02